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A Tribute to Arthur Warmoth, PhD
(Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Criswell, E., Merrill, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

In Memorium: Mentor, Friend, "Father" Mark Stern
This article is a slightly adapted eulogy I was invited to deliver on behalf of my dear friend and mentor, Mark Stern, who died on March 11, 2014. It was delivered on March 22, 2014, at St. Paul’s of the Apostles Chapel, 415 W. 59th St., New York City. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Schneider, K. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Enlightened Governance: Tributes to California State Senator John B. Vasconcello May 1932-May 2014
(Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: O'Hara, M., Abzug, R. H., Barfield, G. L., and Others Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Ultimate Resistance
Although resistance takes many forms, this article elucidates the primary source of resistance in psychotherapy as well as the fundamental resistance to leading a fulfilling life. The ultimate resistance to change, in both cases, originates in the anticipatory fear of arousing existential angst. To varying degrees, most individuals retreat from life and adopt defense mechanisms in an attempt to avoid reawakening suppressed feelings of terror and dread they experienced as children in early separation experiences, and, in particular, when they first learned about death. As clients dismantle their defenses during therapy and ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Firestone, R. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Person-Centered Spiritual Maturation: A Multidimensional Model
Person-centered spiritual maturation has conceptual and historical roots in my work with Carl Rogers, as a staff member of the Person-Centered Approach Project. It is a person-specific process of psychospiritual development that can be mentored in communities where belief systems and cultural identities are diverse. It enables individuals to deepen engagement with contemplative practices from spiritual traditions that hold personal salience, while building inclusive, respectful communities. This multidimensional model emerges from three decades mentoring person-centered spiritual maturation with university students in the ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kass, J. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Poetics of Parent-Son Encounters Following Negative Parental Reactions to the Disclosure of Gay Identity
The disclosure of gay identity is considered an important step in the process of gay identity development. However, disclosure—especially to parents—is stressful for sexual minority individuals. Research suggests that most parents respond negatively to the news of their son’s gay identity, and that such negative reactions pose significant risks to that child’s well-being. In this article, the author presents selected findings from his dissertation research, a poetic inquiry into the lived experience of facing negative parental reactions to the disclosure of gay identity. The article begins with a re...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Machado, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Reclaiming Instinct: Exploring the Phylogenetic Unfolding of Animate Being
This article explores the historical circumstances that led to the rejection of the concept of human instinct. It then turns a critical eye to a number of presuppositions that continue to equate instinct with preprogrammed genetic mechanisms. An expanded and holistic understanding of instinctual life that includes the subjective reality of the organism is then explored. It is suggested that such an expanded account may be a valuable and necessary theoretical tool for broadening our understanding of human psychology as intimately connected to its evolutionary past. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 20, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Malkemus, S. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Travel as Qualitative Method: Travel in Psychology's History and in Medard Boss' Sojourn to India
This article details the history, possibility, limits, and ethics of cross-cultural travel as a qualitative method in psychology. The article provides a brief overview of the ambiguous relationship between psychology and culture and develops an account of the history of travel methods in psychology. It then analyzes an exemplary case of travel research involving Medard Boss’ sojourn to India and his encounters with Indian sages. This article argues that the history of psychology is, in many ways, a history of the exiled, the dispossessed, and the traveler (e.g., Freud, Fromm, Fanon, Jahoda, Rogers, Jung, and others)....
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Desai, M. U. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Fostering Community: Explicating Commonalities Between Counseling Psychology and Humanistic Psychology
This article focuses on three specific common characteristics: strength-based approaches, qualitative methodology, and multiculturalism. In contrast with the prominence of the medical model, both domains work from a holistic understanding of the person. Additionally, most of the development and progress within qualitative research methodologies has taken place in counseling and humanistic psychology. Third, these areas of psychology value culture, context, and members of underrepresented groups. Finally, suggestions are provided for future communication and collaboration. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Miller, A. D., Nash, T., Fetty, D. G. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"There Needs to be a Place in Society for Madness": The Psychiatric Survivor Movement and New Directions in Mental Health Care
This article focuses on one of the survivor-therapist’s experiences, and I explore the broader clinical implications for both survivors and mental health professionals and next steps for developing viable alternatives to the traditional system. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Adame, A. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Lived Experience of Gratitude
Conclusions point to (a) the need for an expanded definition of the transactional nature of gratitude that accounts for the affective range of emotional experience, (b) the intentionality of gratitude focused on a transpersonal "other," (c) the frequency and characteristics of the occurrence of an overwhelming emotional experience of gratitude associated with awe, and (d) the potential impact of gratitude on relational boundaries between self and other. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hlava, P., Elfers, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Death Anxiety and the Relational
This article introduces death anxiety experiments and theories (mostly contributions of Terror Management Theory) that have more recently demonstrated the buffering and mitigating potential of close relationships on an individual’s death fears. Additionally, this article illuminates the significance of the close relationship, which is a commonly accepted psychotherapeutic agent of change and also, paradoxically, produces death fears. The article concludes by suggesting that death anxiety plays a dominant role in the socially constructed mind and should therefore play a prevalent role in clinical depth work. (Source: ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Vance, L. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

When Health Is an Attitudinal Matter: A Qualitative Research
Health and illness are complex constructs for which a biomedical approach alone is insufficient. The purpose of the present study was to explore how personal attitudes toward health and illness affect health experience. By adopting a constructivist perspective, we carried out individual semistructured interviews with 15 persons enrolled in a yoga class in northern Italy. We analyzed the interview data using interpretative phenomenological analysis and found that participants’ attitudes toward health and wellness were linked to their experiences and perceptions of health and illness, their somatic awareness, and their...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 11, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cipolletta, S., Consolaro, F., Horvath, P. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

From an Epistemology of Faith to Everyday Understanding: Reflections on Kierkegaard, Rosenzweig, and Clinical Practice
Practitioners of psychotherapy often find themselves in clinical situations that challenge their ability to maintain both empathy and "charitable skepticism" toward clients’ narratives. The author approaches this question of clinical credulity through a comparison of the religious philosophies of Søren Kierkegaard and Franz Rosenzweig. Kierkegaard’s Philosophical Fragments is read as advocating a necessary and provisional "leap of faith" when confronting such clinical aporias. This reading of Kierkegaard is then contrasted to Rosenzweig’s recommendations in his clinical allegory, Understanding the ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Pittenger, F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Cultural Understanding and Personal Growth Through Taekwondo as Cross-Cultural Activity
This study also provided evidence of the role of recreation activities in positive cross-cultural contacts and interactions. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kim, J., Heo, J., King, C., Kim, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Psychological Growth in Aging Vietnam Veterans: Redefining Shame and Betrayal
This study offers alternative interpretations of war-related distress embedded within the social and political context of the Vietnam War. Subjective interpretations from aging Vietnam veterans were analyzed using interpretative phenomenological analysis. A central theme—Moral authenticity: Overcoming the betrayal and shame of war—overarched five subordinate themes. Four subordinate themes encapsulated layers of war-related betrayal associated with shame. Shame was likely to be described as either (a) internal/sense of personal failure, with no acts of rage; or (b) external/reckless or threatening acts of other...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: McCormack, L., Joseph, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Pathways From Personality to Happiness: Sense of Uniqueness as a Mediator
Personal sense of uniqueness, a major construct in humanistic psychology, has been recently shown to be a robust correlate of happiness. Yet the antecedents of this experience are not known. To address this limitation, we focused on extraversion and openness to experience, the two traits referred to as plasticity in higher-order framework of personality, as predictors of uniqueness and happiness. In light of theory and past empirical research, we proposed that the two traits representing plasticity would promote a sense of uniqueness, which in turn influence happiness. This model was tested in a college sample (N = 370) by...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Koydemir, S., Şimşek, O. F., Demir, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Evaluating the Phenomenological Approach to Empathy Training
The purpose of this article is to report on a study that attempted to qualitatively evaluate the phenomenological approach to empathy training. A descriptive phenomenological psychological method was used to explicate the lived applied meaning of the training. The result disclosed a general structure of the phenomenon, composed of the following five constituents: (a) a serious context in which one is encountering the other who is emotionally distressed about something, (b) directing one’s lived presence to the other’s meaning-expression, (c) a shift in emotional context, (d) novelty of approach toward interpers...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Englander, M., Folkesson, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Experiential Psychotherapy of Unification: Classical and Modern Humanistic Psychology
Being a psychotherapist trained in experiential psychotherapy of unification, I can say that one has to live it to properly understand it, because it is about living and not only about understanding. But an introduction is necessary, and this is the purpose of this article: to make a presentation for psychologists from other countries. Another purpose is to make known how important concepts of humanistic psychology have been integrated, assimilated, and developed by a section of Romanian psychologists. In a few words, experiential psychotherapy of unification is mainly about creativity, authenticity, and a co-actualization...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Răban-Motounu, N. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Developing Sensitivity: A Qualitative Study on the Inner Development of Etty Hillesum
This article presents the results of a qualitative case study on the diaries of Etty Hillesum. The focus of this investigation is on the way her inner development leads to increased sensitivity. This research revealed that Etty’s inner development is characterized by a transformation from great opacity to transparency in three phases. Whereas she is at first lost in inner chaos, she shows an impressive serenity and inner peace at the end of her writings. It is argued that in each of the three phases, Etty adapts her strategies to the new challenges she has to face in life. The main processes involved here are "mental...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 22, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bosma, H. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

An Empirical Investigation of Viktor Frankl's Logotherapeutic Model
The purpose of this study was to investigate the logotherapeutic model as described by Frankl that explains the relationships among the search for meaning in life, the presence of meaning in life, existential vacuum, existential frustration, noogenic neurosis, will-to-power, and will-to-pleasure. A sample of college students from a large Mid-Atlantic university (N = 750) completed paper-and-pencil instruments for the variables. Structural equation modeling was used to test and compare four competing alternative models of the relationships among the aforementioned constructs. Two models exhibited excellent fit, one model go...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Joshi, C., Marszalek, J. M., Berkel, L. A., Hinshaw, A. B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Personal Transformation: Posttraumatic Growth and Gerotranscendence
This article connects two rich but distinct literatures on personal transformation and well-being that can benefit from cross-fertilization. It explores the intersection of posttraumatic growth (PTG), a model of positive changes following traumatic events, and gerotranscendence, a theory of positive changes related to aging. The two conceptualizations of positive change are compared on multiple dimensions. These include the philosophical base, domains, trigger, mechanism, and correlates of change, as well as the connection of change with wisdom and life satisfaction. The analysis reveals many similarities between the two p...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Weiss, T. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Facing Invisible Dragons: An East-West Discussion on Finding Meaning With a Sibling With Developmental Disability
This article was part of the authors’ submission for their presentation at the Second International Conference on Existential Psychology in Shanghai, China. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rohde-Brown, J., Frain, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Phenomenological Psychological Study of the Police Officer's Lived Experience of the Use of Deadly Force
A police officer is sometimes required to literally make a potentially life or death decision and act on it under rapidly evolving and dynamic circumstances involving a variety of mental, physical, and emotional aspects of the deadly force experience. Because the act of using deadly force is so personally influencing, the descriptive phenomenological psychological method was used in this study to provide a qualitative, holistic, and personal viewpoint from the officers’ perspective in their lived experiences. Three city police officers were interviewed and each gave a descriptive account of their experiences with dea...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Broome, R. E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Don't Fall Into Those Stereotype Traps: Women and the Feminine in Existential Therapy
The current work examines some notable women in existential psychology, with a discussion of their contributions to the field and how they incorporated the work of previous existential philosophers and clinicians. The analyses are based on their own writings, dating back to the 1950s, as well as some secondary source material that reviewed their work. What the research reveals is first that there are many more women in the history of existential psychology than most people currently know about—especially from the 1950s and 1960s. Second, the "feminine" version of existential psychology really stresses the emphasis on...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kass, S. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Adventure Racing: The Experiences of Participants in the Everglades Challenge
There has been little research devoted to understanding the sporting experience of Adventure Racing (AR) participants. Given the possible psychological benefits of AR participation, this investigation was undertaken to obtain additional insight into these competitors’ experience of participating in the Everglades Challenge. Existential phenomenological interviews were conducted with 10 participants ranging in age from 34 to 64 years who took part in the 2011 Everglades Challenge. Qualitative analysis of the transcripts revealed a total of 498 meaning units that were further grouped into subthemes, majors themes, and ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Simpson, D., Post, P. G., Tashman, L. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Ernest Becker at Simon Fraser University (1969-1974)
The cultural anthropologist and humanist Ernest Becker spent the final four and a half years of his life at Simon Fraser University (SFU) in British Columbia, Canada. During these years, Becker’s thought and work underwent a profound transformation that resulted in the publication of the Pulitzer Prize–winning book, The Denial of Death, and a highly praised companion book, published posthumously, Escape From Evil. However, surprisingly little has been known about Becker’s final years at SFU. In this biographical essay, based on Becker’s papers and letters, university records and documents, and inter...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martin, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

An Update of Murrayan Needs: A Pilot Study Among American College Students
Much research work on motives has been based on the taxonomy of psychogenic needs originally proposed by Murray and his colleagues in 1938. However, many of these needs have received little attention, and some of them may be less relevant now than they were 70 years ago. Two studies were conducted to investigate current motives. In Study 1, we used the Striving Assessment to elicit the personal strivings of 255 undergraduate university students. Murray’s taxonomy was unable to account for 50% of the 2,937 strivings. These strivings were thematically groups into 11 new categories and combined with 7 Murrayan needs to ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Xu, X., Mellor, D., Xu, Y., Duan, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Advocating Student-Within-Environment: A Humanistic Approach for Therapists to Animate Social Justice in the Schools
The authors present an overview of a therapeutic perspective for school therapists (counselors, psychologists, social workers) based on humanistic and social justice principles called Advocating Student-within-Environment (ASE). An ASE-influenced school therapist is directed by the assumption that the student has to be a participant in any social change that is proffered on that student’s behalf. To operate on this assumption, an ASE school therapist is concerned with maximizing student agency by supporting the development of the student’s regulatory and connectedness skills, while advocating for that student w...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lemberger, M. E., Hutchison, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Do Korean Immigrant Adolescents Experience Stress-Related Growth During Stressful Intergroup Contact and Acculturation?
Asian immigrant adolescents have a difficult time adapting to unfamiliar customs and cultural values as well as interacting with other ethnic groups. During intergroup contacts and acculturation, Asian immigrant adolescents have negative experiences such as discrimination experiences, intergroup anxiety, interracial tension, and limited social support. In spite of such stressful and negative life experiences, some research has shown that individuals may develop the ability to thrive or grow from stressful life events. Using grounded theory, we explored the characteristics of positive psychological changes that occurred as ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kim, J., Suh, W., Heo, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

From Death to Life: Female Veterans, Identity Negotiation, and Reintegration Into Society
Experiences of 17 female Iraq War veterans were explored to understand the challenges of reintegrating into civilian life and the impact on mental health. All respondents completed preliminary electronic surveys and participated in one of two focus groups. High levels of distress exist among veterans who are caught between military and civilian cultures, coping with war experiences, feeling alienated from family and friends, and attempting to negotiate gender and identity. Narrative is identified as a means of resolution. Recommendations include development of social support and transition groups; military cultural compete...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Demers, A. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Cultivating the Therapeutic Moment: From Planning to Receptivity in Therapeutic Practice
A popular model of psychotherapy as a rational, linear, and instrumental treatment that can be mastered and planned by the therapist is critiqued as an idealized fantasy. This model, which often underpins cognitive behavioral therapy and a medical approach to therapy, is contrasted with an alternative model based on attentiveness to the therapeutic process defined as an emergent and unpredictable thirdness between therapist and client. Three principles of a process-oriented therapy are described and illustrated through case vignettes. Each of these principles is shown to contradict the assumptions of a rational/planning ap...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Molbak, R. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Egoism, Altruism, and the Ethical Foundations of Personhood
Most contemporary theorizing in psychology rejects the possibility of genuine altruism by endorsing explanations that assume psychological egoism. We seek to reframe psychological inquiry on the question of altruism by exploring an alternative, nonegoistic conceptual framework, within which genuine altruism is possible and whereby the meaning and moral dimensions of altruism can be more fruitfully explored. Two central features of our analysis are (a) the conceptual necessity of human agency for the preservation of the possibility of meaning in human affairs and (b) an examination of the ontological necessity of a genuinel...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gantt, E. E., Burton, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Humanistic Psychology: Alive in the 21st Century?
This article makes the argument that humanistic psychology remained a vibrant movement even after it lost much of its high-profile reputation and sociopolitical power toward the close of the 1970s. More specifically, the author makes an argument for the contemporary relevance of humanistic psychology, demonstrating how humanistic psychology has been having a quiet, yet notably significant influence on the diverse areas of the field since the 1990s. In addition, this article demonstrates that there are recent developments occurring in psychology that are highly commensurate with a humanistic viewpoint, even if these develop...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: DeRobertis, E. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

What's It All About? A Qualitative Study of Undergraduate Students' Beliefs About Meaning of Life
Ten undergraduate students from psychology classes were interviewed regarding their beliefs about the meaning of life (definition, goals, limitations to goals, sources of meaning, and development of meaning). Interviews were analyzed using consensual qualitative research. These interviewees all indicated that meaning differs across people and time. Typical sources of meaning were relationships, altruism, career, personal growth, pursuit of happiness, and religion. Participants indicated that parents and life-changing experiences triggered changes in their thinking about meaning of life. Specific changes involved shifting f...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hill, C. E., Bowers, G., Costello, A., England, J., Houston-Ludlam, A., Knowlton, G., May, M., Moraff, E., Pinto-Coelho, K., Rosenberg, L., Sauber, E., Crook-Lyon, R. E., Thompson, B. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Using Socrates to Teach Psychology: A Humanistic Approach to Psychology 101
This article presents a lively and accessible course outline for using Platonic dialogues and the ancient figure of Socrates to teach modern psychology. Socrates is among the world’s most engaging and effective teachers. He is also regarded as one of the founding figures of humanistic psychology who would have had serious problems with the didactic teaching methods and sterile textbooks of today’s college classrooms. The article shows how encountering Socrates and engaging Plato’s dialogues can help professors achieve many of the laudable humanistic goals they have for their students. (Source: Journal of ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dillon, J. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Experience of Becoming a Therapist in a Foreign Culture
This phenomenological study explores the experience of becoming a therapist in a foreign culture. The purpose is to better understand the issues adjusting to a new culture and give voice to the lived experience of immigrant therapists. Few studies explore the experience of foreign therapists. Most focus on the experience of mainstream mental health professionals dealing with populations from specific cultural backgrounds. A total of eight therapists, who emigrated from another country to the United States, were asked to describe situations when practicing was challenging because of cultural differences. The descriptive phe...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Barreto, Y. K. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Maurice Friedman: A Professional and Personal Tribute
This is a professional and personal tribute to the late Maurice Friedman. His explication of Martin Buber’s philosophy of dialogue and his profound understanding of the dialogical in human interaction is discussed. Friedman’s understanding of how to apply this dialogical philosophy to psychotherapy is explored. There is a review of some of his innumerable contributions to existential and humanistic psychology, as well as his many interactions with some of its major leaders. The reflections of the author’s personal and professional relationship with Maurice Friedman are presented as a specific example of h...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hycner, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Maslow's Intellectual Betrayal of Ruth Benedict?
During the summer of 1938, Abe Maslow was engaged in a field study of the Northern Blackfeet. He received a grant-in aid from the Social Science Research Council under the sponsorship of Ruth Benedict to study the "security needs" of the tribe. This project reflected Benedict’s long-term interest in her concept of synergic and nonsynergic societies, which culminated with her publication of Patterns of Culture in 1934. It was Benedict’s thesis that synergic societies, such as Zuni, had most of their psychological security needs met, whereas low synergic societies, such as the Dobu, did not. Initially, Maslow as ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Smith, R. A., Feigenbaum, K. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Leaving It All Behind to Travel: Venturing Uncertainty as a Means to Personal Growth and Authenticity
The potential for personal growth in cross-cultural travel has been posited by numerous psychologists; however, a "gaping hole" in empirical research has left these hypotheses unexplored. Meanwhile, rapidly increasing numbers of people are choosing to leave their careers to pursue a personal dream of extensive foreign travel. The aim of this study was to explore the motivations, psychological experiences, and outcomes from travel in this growing "career-break" demographic. Ten men and women who had exited their careers to pursue extensive culturally engaging travel participated in an individual semistructured interview tha...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hirschorn, S., Hefferon, K. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Intersubjectivity and the Knowing of Inner Experience: Finding Space for a Psychoanalytic Phenomenology in Research
This article demonstrates the synthesis of phenomenological hermeneutics and psychoanalytic case study research and proposes such a methodology as well suited for a study exploring unconscious/representational processes and internal representations of self and other. This is considered in relation to the dialectic of the dual position of psychoanalytic psychotherapist and qualitative researcher. The article emphasizes what I suggest are evident and helpful parallels between the investigative/research process and the psychoanalytic disposition, in terms of the relationship between these two. The role of the body as intersub...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bradfield, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Zhi Mian and "Oistros" of Life
"Oistros," or oestrus, or estrus, is a concept with many meanings and implications. In ancient Greece oestrus was a gadfly that stung animals and drove them to react. Socrates was the first to use the image allegorically in describing himself as a gadfly that awakens people from their lethargy and laziness. It is connected with the passion for life, with creativity, and an awakening from the indolence of everyday living. It is also directly associated with the female reproductive cycle via the estrogens related to pregnancy and childbirth. It is thus related to the ideas of attraction, union, and creation in general, as we...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dallas, E., Georganda, E. T., Harisiadis, A., Zymnis-Georgalos, K. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Person-Centered Approach to Multicultural Counseling Competence
This article examines current and historical trends in psychotherapy research and practice with racial/ethnic minority populations. Initially, research on Derald Sue’s multicultural counseling competencies is provided as a foundation to further examine the evidence regarding effective cultural adaptations to mainstream treatment approaches, such as cognitive-behavior therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy. Next, a brief outline of Carl Rogers’s psychotherapy research tradition is presented, with a focus on both past and present evidence suggesting that person-centered therapy may be effective across diagnoses,...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Quinn, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Unfolding the Phenomenological Research Process: Iterative Stages of "Seeing Afresh"
Phenomenological researchers generally agree that our central concern is to return to embodied, experiential meanings aiming for fresh, complex, rich description of phenomena as concretely lived. Yet when it comes to deciding how best to carry out this research in practice debates abound. Some approaches to phenomenology emphasize description; others interpretive layers. Some insist on a rigorous, scientific method; others seek more poetic, artistic flourish. In this article, the author offers preliminary thoughts about what unites seemingly divergent phenomenological research approaches. She suggests that the essence of t...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Finlay, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Intrinsic Foundations of Extrinsic Motivations and Goals: Toward a Unified Humanistic Theory of Well-Being and Change
A key contribution of both classical and contemporary humanistic theories is their distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivations and drives and their demonstration that psychological well-being is more strongly associated with the former than the latter. However, such a dimensionalization raises the question of how extrinsic motivations and goals emerge; and classic humanistic attempts to account for this tend to contradict some of the basic tenets of humanistic thinking: that human beings are integrated, meaning-seeking agencies consistently striving to maintain and enhance their being. An alternative framework ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cooper, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Revisiting Ernest Becker's Psychology of Human Striving
Ernest Becker’s psychology of human striving is a unique blend of pragmatic, post-Freudian, and existential thought that explicates central features of the human condition and experience. It is both a psychological and philosophical anthropology. In consequence, despite being mostly ignored by psychologists, Becker’s work continues to be relevant, even instructive, to past and more recent attempts to formulate a psychology of personhood, especially one that focuses on the interactivity of persons within their biophysical and sociocultural contexts. What is offered here is an integrative explication of Becker&rs...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martin, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Natural Disasters and Existential Concerns: A Test of Tillich's Theory of Existential Anxiety
Existential anxiety is hypothesized to be a core human issue in a great deal of theoretical and philosophical writing. Fostering the empirical understanding of the expression of these concerns may be a valuable addition to the psychological literature on exposure to trauma. The purpose of this study was to test theoretical predictions about the association between different facets of existential anxiety and psychological symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, suicidal ideation) among individuals following a natural disaster. A sample of 386 Gulf Coast residents completed the Existential Anxiety Questionnaire, a ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Scott, B. G., Weems, C. F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Humanistic Approach to Addressing the Needs of Maori Homeless People With Mental Health Concerns
Homelessness is a human tragedy that is often associated with mental illness. Maori people are overrepresented in the homeless population and among people experiencing mental illness in New Zealand. Little is known about the mental health experiences of Maori homeless people or the efforts of practitioners who render assistance. The authors explore the experiences of six Maori homeless people and six mental health professionals. Findings highlight the importance of a humanistic and culturally informed approach to addressing the needs of homeless people and restoring their wellness and dignity. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Johnson, D., Hodgetts, D., Nikora, L. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Dialogue: Bridging Personal, Community, and Social Transformation
This article critically reviews how the concept of dialogue has been developed and applied in four key domains, each oriented around the work of a principal theorist: psychotherapy (Martin Buber), education (Mikhail Bakhtin), community development (Paulo Freire), and social transformation (Jürgen Habermas). Drawing this analysis together, the discussion identifies three principal ways in which the term dialogue has been used: transformative, ontological, and everyday; outlines the different levels at which dialogue can take place; and identifies key questions for further exploration. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cooper, M., Chak, A., Cornish, F., Gillespie, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Humanistic Psychology's Social Justice Philosophy: Systemically Treating the Psychosocial and Health Effects of Racism
This article discusses a number of domains in the study of racism where humanistic principles have the potential to guide interventions. These domains include internalized racism, race-based traumatic stress as an American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders diagnosis, the role of White individuals in creating and combating racism, the psychosocial costs of racism to White individuals, and the interactions of other forms of oppression with racism. Humanistic psychologists are encouraged to move beyond the walls of academia, engage the community, and reengineer systems that ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Perrin, P. B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research