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An Empirical Investigation of Viktor Frankl's Logotherapeutic Model
The purpose of this study was to investigate the logotherapeutic model as described by Frankl that explains the relationships among the search for meaning in life, the presence of meaning in life, existential vacuum, existential frustration, noogenic neurosis, will-to-power, and will-to-pleasure. A sample of college students from a large Mid-Atlantic university (N = 750) completed paper-and-pencil instruments for the variables. Structural equation modeling was used to test and compare four competing alternative models of the relationships among the aforementioned constructs. Two models exhibited excellent fit, one model go...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Joshi, C., Marszalek, J. M., Berkel, L. A., Hinshaw, A. B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Personal Transformation: Posttraumatic Growth and Gerotranscendence
This article connects two rich but distinct literatures on personal transformation and well-being that can benefit from cross-fertilization. It explores the intersection of posttraumatic growth (PTG), a model of positive changes following traumatic events, and gerotranscendence, a theory of positive changes related to aging. The two conceptualizations of positive change are compared on multiple dimensions. These include the philosophical base, domains, trigger, mechanism, and correlates of change, as well as the connection of change with wisdom and life satisfaction. The analysis reveals many similarities between the two p...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Weiss, T. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Facing Invisible Dragons: An East-West Discussion on Finding Meaning With a Sibling With Developmental Disability
This article was part of the authors’ submission for their presentation at the Second International Conference on Existential Psychology in Shanghai, China. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rohde-Brown, J., Frain, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Phenomenological Psychological Study of the Police Officer's Lived Experience of the Use of Deadly Force
A police officer is sometimes required to literally make a potentially life or death decision and act on it under rapidly evolving and dynamic circumstances involving a variety of mental, physical, and emotional aspects of the deadly force experience. Because the act of using deadly force is so personally influencing, the descriptive phenomenological psychological method was used in this study to provide a qualitative, holistic, and personal viewpoint from the officers’ perspective in their lived experiences. Three city police officers were interviewed and each gave a descriptive account of their experiences with dea...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Broome, R. E. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Don't Fall Into Those Stereotype Traps: Women and the Feminine in Existential Therapy
The current work examines some notable women in existential psychology, with a discussion of their contributions to the field and how they incorporated the work of previous existential philosophers and clinicians. The analyses are based on their own writings, dating back to the 1950s, as well as some secondary source material that reviewed their work. What the research reveals is first that there are many more women in the history of existential psychology than most people currently know about—especially from the 1950s and 1960s. Second, the "feminine" version of existential psychology really stresses the emphasis on...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - February 21, 2014 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kass, S. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Adventure Racing: The Experiences of Participants in the Everglades Challenge
There has been little research devoted to understanding the sporting experience of Adventure Racing (AR) participants. Given the possible psychological benefits of AR participation, this investigation was undertaken to obtain additional insight into these competitors’ experience of participating in the Everglades Challenge. Existential phenomenological interviews were conducted with 10 participants ranging in age from 34 to 64 years who took part in the 2011 Everglades Challenge. Qualitative analysis of the transcripts revealed a total of 498 meaning units that were further grouped into subthemes, majors themes, and ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Simpson, D., Post, P. G., Tashman, L. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Ernest Becker at Simon Fraser University (1969-1974)
The cultural anthropologist and humanist Ernest Becker spent the final four and a half years of his life at Simon Fraser University (SFU) in British Columbia, Canada. During these years, Becker’s thought and work underwent a profound transformation that resulted in the publication of the Pulitzer Prize–winning book, The Denial of Death, and a highly praised companion book, published posthumously, Escape From Evil. However, surprisingly little has been known about Becker’s final years at SFU. In this biographical essay, based on Becker’s papers and letters, university records and documents, and inter...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martin, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

An Update of Murrayan Needs: A Pilot Study Among American College Students
Much research work on motives has been based on the taxonomy of psychogenic needs originally proposed by Murray and his colleagues in 1938. However, many of these needs have received little attention, and some of them may be less relevant now than they were 70 years ago. Two studies were conducted to investigate current motives. In Study 1, we used the Striving Assessment to elicit the personal strivings of 255 undergraduate university students. Murray’s taxonomy was unable to account for 50% of the 2,937 strivings. These strivings were thematically groups into 11 new categories and combined with 7 Murrayan needs to ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Xu, X., Mellor, D., Xu, Y., Duan, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Advocating Student-Within-Environment: A Humanistic Approach for Therapists to Animate Social Justice in the Schools
The authors present an overview of a therapeutic perspective for school therapists (counselors, psychologists, social workers) based on humanistic and social justice principles called Advocating Student-within-Environment (ASE). An ASE-influenced school therapist is directed by the assumption that the student has to be a participant in any social change that is proffered on that student’s behalf. To operate on this assumption, an ASE school therapist is concerned with maximizing student agency by supporting the development of the student’s regulatory and connectedness skills, while advocating for that student w...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Lemberger, M. E., Hutchison, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Do Korean Immigrant Adolescents Experience Stress-Related Growth During Stressful Intergroup Contact and Acculturation?
Asian immigrant adolescents have a difficult time adapting to unfamiliar customs and cultural values as well as interacting with other ethnic groups. During intergroup contacts and acculturation, Asian immigrant adolescents have negative experiences such as discrimination experiences, intergroup anxiety, interracial tension, and limited social support. In spite of such stressful and negative life experiences, some research has shown that individuals may develop the ability to thrive or grow from stressful life events. Using grounded theory, we explored the characteristics of positive psychological changes that occurred as ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 26, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Kim, J., Suh, W., Heo, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

From Death to Life: Female Veterans, Identity Negotiation, and Reintegration Into Society
Experiences of 17 female Iraq War veterans were explored to understand the challenges of reintegrating into civilian life and the impact on mental health. All respondents completed preliminary electronic surveys and participated in one of two focus groups. High levels of distress exist among veterans who are caught between military and civilian cultures, coping with war experiences, feeling alienated from family and friends, and attempting to negotiate gender and identity. Narrative is identified as a means of resolution. Recommendations include development of social support and transition groups; military cultural compete...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Demers, A. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Cultivating the Therapeutic Moment: From Planning to Receptivity in Therapeutic Practice
A popular model of psychotherapy as a rational, linear, and instrumental treatment that can be mastered and planned by the therapist is critiqued as an idealized fantasy. This model, which often underpins cognitive behavioral therapy and a medical approach to therapy, is contrasted with an alternative model based on attentiveness to the therapeutic process defined as an emergent and unpredictable thirdness between therapist and client. Three principles of a process-oriented therapy are described and illustrated through case vignettes. Each of these principles is shown to contradict the assumptions of a rational/planning ap...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Molbak, R. L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Egoism, Altruism, and the Ethical Foundations of Personhood
Most contemporary theorizing in psychology rejects the possibility of genuine altruism by endorsing explanations that assume psychological egoism. We seek to reframe psychological inquiry on the question of altruism by exploring an alternative, nonegoistic conceptual framework, within which genuine altruism is possible and whereby the meaning and moral dimensions of altruism can be more fruitfully explored. Two central features of our analysis are (a) the conceptual necessity of human agency for the preservation of the possibility of meaning in human affairs and (b) an examination of the ontological necessity of a genuinel...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Gantt, E. E., Burton, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Humanistic Psychology: Alive in the 21st Century?
This article makes the argument that humanistic psychology remained a vibrant movement even after it lost much of its high-profile reputation and sociopolitical power toward the close of the 1970s. More specifically, the author makes an argument for the contemporary relevance of humanistic psychology, demonstrating how humanistic psychology has been having a quiet, yet notably significant influence on the diverse areas of the field since the 1990s. In addition, this article demonstrates that there are recent developments occurring in psychology that are highly commensurate with a humanistic viewpoint, even if these develop...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - September 12, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: DeRobertis, E. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

What's It All About? A Qualitative Study of Undergraduate Students' Beliefs About Meaning of Life
Ten undergraduate students from psychology classes were interviewed regarding their beliefs about the meaning of life (definition, goals, limitations to goals, sources of meaning, and development of meaning). Interviews were analyzed using consensual qualitative research. These interviewees all indicated that meaning differs across people and time. Typical sources of meaning were relationships, altruism, career, personal growth, pursuit of happiness, and religion. Participants indicated that parents and life-changing experiences triggered changes in their thinking about meaning of life. Specific changes involved shifting f...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hill, C. E., Bowers, G., Costello, A., England, J., Houston-Ludlam, A., Knowlton, G., May, M., Moraff, E., Pinto-Coelho, K., Rosenberg, L., Sauber, E., Crook-Lyon, R. E., Thompson, B. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Using Socrates to Teach Psychology: A Humanistic Approach to Psychology 101
This article presents a lively and accessible course outline for using Platonic dialogues and the ancient figure of Socrates to teach modern psychology. Socrates is among the world’s most engaging and effective teachers. He is also regarded as one of the founding figures of humanistic psychology who would have had serious problems with the didactic teaching methods and sterile textbooks of today’s college classrooms. The article shows how encountering Socrates and engaging Plato’s dialogues can help professors achieve many of the laudable humanistic goals they have for their students. (Source: Journal of ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dillon, J. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Experience of Becoming a Therapist in a Foreign Culture
This phenomenological study explores the experience of becoming a therapist in a foreign culture. The purpose is to better understand the issues adjusting to a new culture and give voice to the lived experience of immigrant therapists. Few studies explore the experience of foreign therapists. Most focus on the experience of mainstream mental health professionals dealing with populations from specific cultural backgrounds. A total of eight therapists, who emigrated from another country to the United States, were asked to describe situations when practicing was challenging because of cultural differences. The descriptive phe...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Barreto, Y. K. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Maurice Friedman: A Professional and Personal Tribute
This is a professional and personal tribute to the late Maurice Friedman. His explication of Martin Buber’s philosophy of dialogue and his profound understanding of the dialogical in human interaction is discussed. Friedman’s understanding of how to apply this dialogical philosophy to psychotherapy is explored. There is a review of some of his innumerable contributions to existential and humanistic psychology, as well as his many interactions with some of its major leaders. The reflections of the author’s personal and professional relationship with Maurice Friedman are presented as a specific example of h...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hycner, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Maslow's Intellectual Betrayal of Ruth Benedict?
During the summer of 1938, Abe Maslow was engaged in a field study of the Northern Blackfeet. He received a grant-in aid from the Social Science Research Council under the sponsorship of Ruth Benedict to study the "security needs" of the tribe. This project reflected Benedict’s long-term interest in her concept of synergic and nonsynergic societies, which culminated with her publication of Patterns of Culture in 1934. It was Benedict’s thesis that synergic societies, such as Zuni, had most of their psychological security needs met, whereas low synergic societies, such as the Dobu, did not. Initially, Maslow as ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Smith, R. A., Feigenbaum, K. D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Leaving It All Behind to Travel: Venturing Uncertainty as a Means to Personal Growth and Authenticity
The potential for personal growth in cross-cultural travel has been posited by numerous psychologists; however, a "gaping hole" in empirical research has left these hypotheses unexplored. Meanwhile, rapidly increasing numbers of people are choosing to leave their careers to pursue a personal dream of extensive foreign travel. The aim of this study was to explore the motivations, psychological experiences, and outcomes from travel in this growing "career-break" demographic. Ten men and women who had exited their careers to pursue extensive culturally engaging travel participated in an individual semistructured interview tha...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hirschorn, S., Hefferon, K. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Intersubjectivity and the Knowing of Inner Experience: Finding Space for a Psychoanalytic Phenomenology in Research
This article demonstrates the synthesis of phenomenological hermeneutics and psychoanalytic case study research and proposes such a methodology as well suited for a study exploring unconscious/representational processes and internal representations of self and other. This is considered in relation to the dialectic of the dual position of psychoanalytic psychotherapist and qualitative researcher. The article emphasizes what I suggest are evident and helpful parallels between the investigative/research process and the psychoanalytic disposition, in terms of the relationship between these two. The role of the body as intersub...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - May 27, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Bradfield, B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Zhi Mian and "Oistros" of Life
"Oistros," or oestrus, or estrus, is a concept with many meanings and implications. In ancient Greece oestrus was a gadfly that stung animals and drove them to react. Socrates was the first to use the image allegorically in describing himself as a gadfly that awakens people from their lethargy and laziness. It is connected with the passion for life, with creativity, and an awakening from the indolence of everyday living. It is also directly associated with the female reproductive cycle via the estrogens related to pregnancy and childbirth. It is thus related to the ideas of attraction, union, and creation in general, as we...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Dallas, E., Georganda, E. T., Harisiadis, A., Zymnis-Georgalos, K. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Person-Centered Approach to Multicultural Counseling Competence
This article examines current and historical trends in psychotherapy research and practice with racial/ethnic minority populations. Initially, research on Derald Sue’s multicultural counseling competencies is provided as a foundation to further examine the evidence regarding effective cultural adaptations to mainstream treatment approaches, such as cognitive-behavior therapy and interpersonal psychotherapy. Next, a brief outline of Carl Rogers’s psychotherapy research tradition is presented, with a focus on both past and present evidence suggesting that person-centered therapy may be effective across diagnoses,...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Quinn, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Unfolding the Phenomenological Research Process: Iterative Stages of "Seeing Afresh"
Phenomenological researchers generally agree that our central concern is to return to embodied, experiential meanings aiming for fresh, complex, rich description of phenomena as concretely lived. Yet when it comes to deciding how best to carry out this research in practice debates abound. Some approaches to phenomenology emphasize description; others interpretive layers. Some insist on a rigorous, scientific method; others seek more poetic, artistic flourish. In this article, the author offers preliminary thoughts about what unites seemingly divergent phenomenological research approaches. She suggests that the essence of t...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Finlay, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Intrinsic Foundations of Extrinsic Motivations and Goals: Toward a Unified Humanistic Theory of Well-Being and Change
A key contribution of both classical and contemporary humanistic theories is their distinction between intrinsic and extrinsic motivations and drives and their demonstration that psychological well-being is more strongly associated with the former than the latter. However, such a dimensionalization raises the question of how extrinsic motivations and goals emerge; and classic humanistic attempts to account for this tend to contradict some of the basic tenets of humanistic thinking: that human beings are integrated, meaning-seeking agencies consistently striving to maintain and enhance their being. An alternative framework ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cooper, M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Revisiting Ernest Becker's Psychology of Human Striving
Ernest Becker’s psychology of human striving is a unique blend of pragmatic, post-Freudian, and existential thought that explicates central features of the human condition and experience. It is both a psychological and philosophical anthropology. In consequence, despite being mostly ignored by psychologists, Becker’s work continues to be relevant, even instructive, to past and more recent attempts to formulate a psychology of personhood, especially one that focuses on the interactivity of persons within their biophysical and sociocultural contexts. What is offered here is an integrative explication of Becker&rs...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - April 8, 2013 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Martin, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Natural Disasters and Existential Concerns: A Test of Tillich's Theory of Existential Anxiety
Existential anxiety is hypothesized to be a core human issue in a great deal of theoretical and philosophical writing. Fostering the empirical understanding of the expression of these concerns may be a valuable addition to the psychological literature on exposure to trauma. The purpose of this study was to test theoretical predictions about the association between different facets of existential anxiety and psychological symptoms (posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, suicidal ideation) among individuals following a natural disaster. A sample of 386 Gulf Coast residents completed the Existential Anxiety Questionnaire, a ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Scott, B. G., Weems, C. F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

A Humanistic Approach to Addressing the Needs of Maori Homeless People With Mental Health Concerns
Homelessness is a human tragedy that is often associated with mental illness. Maori people are overrepresented in the homeless population and among people experiencing mental illness in New Zealand. Little is known about the mental health experiences of Maori homeless people or the efforts of practitioners who render assistance. The authors explore the experiences of six Maori homeless people and six mental health professionals. Findings highlight the importance of a humanistic and culturally informed approach to addressing the needs of homeless people and restoring their wellness and dignity. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Johnson, D., Hodgetts, D., Nikora, L. W. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Dialogue: Bridging Personal, Community, and Social Transformation
This article critically reviews how the concept of dialogue has been developed and applied in four key domains, each oriented around the work of a principal theorist: psychotherapy (Martin Buber), education (Mikhail Bakhtin), community development (Paulo Freire), and social transformation (Jürgen Habermas). Drawing this analysis together, the discussion identifies three principal ways in which the term dialogue has been used: transformative, ontological, and everyday; outlines the different levels at which dialogue can take place; and identifies key questions for further exploration. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Cooper, M., Chak, A., Cornish, F., Gillespie, A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Humanistic Psychology's Social Justice Philosophy: Systemically Treating the Psychosocial and Health Effects of Racism
This article discusses a number of domains in the study of racism where humanistic principles have the potential to guide interventions. These domains include internalized racism, race-based traumatic stress as an American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders diagnosis, the role of White individuals in creating and combating racism, the psychosocial costs of racism to White individuals, and the interactions of other forms of oppression with racism. Humanistic psychologists are encouraged to move beyond the walls of academia, engage the community, and reengineer systems that ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Perrin, P. B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Person-Centered Approach, Positive Psychology, and Relational Helping: Building Bridges
It is more than 20 years since the death of one of the most influential American clinical psychologists of the 20th century, Carl Rogers, who founded the client-centered school more than 50 years ago. Client-centered psychology remains a distinctive and alternative approach because of its assertion that the organismic valuing process is the engine of therapeutic change and the attendant implications for nondirective practice. Many of its ideas are also firmly integrated into other newer forms of therapy that acknowledge the person-centered approach as the foundation stone on which they were built. But less well understood ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Joseph, S., Murphy, D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Three Pillars of Recovery: The Role of Integral Love in Clinical Practice
This article claims that disruption brought on by trauma is best treated by what can be called the cycle of love, manifesting as the three pillars of recovery: awareness, acceptance, and integration. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sleeth, D. B. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Editor's Commentary
(Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - November 21, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Rubin, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Peak-Experiences Among Americans in Midlife
In this study, 153 people aged 40 to 65 years in the United States responded to a questionnaire asking them to describe a recent joyful experience and its subsequent impact on their outlook on life. They were also asked to rate it numerically on a 5-point Likert-type scale. Their qualitative reports were subsequently coded into 13 categories. Peaks involving interpersonal joy were reported significantly most frequently, more than all other categories combined. These were followed in frequency by those comprising respectively external achievement and personal growth. Small percentages involved religious peaks in either inst...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - August 28, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hoffman, E., Kaneshiro, S., Compton, W. C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Sixty Years Later: The Enduring Allure of Synchronicity
This article explores the multiple factors that seem to have synergistically converged to maintain its relevance. Human existential needs for meaning, connection, and agency appear to make up the "fertile ground," while personal experiences of meaningful coincidences, especially profound and numinous ones, seem to constitute the "seed" of belief in synchronicity. The New Age Movement may provide the favorable environmental conditions for the idea to flourish, and the association with physics and explicit support by celebrated scientists serve to enhance its credibility and ensure its survival. If the past is any indication...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - August 28, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Hocoy, D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Tillich and Tarkovsky: An Existential Analysis of Mirror
Andrei Tarkovsky’s Mirror is a "stream-of-consciousness" film that eschews traditional narrative structure. The author interprets the film as having an "emotional structure," insofar as it sequentially explores different manifestations of the experience of anxiety. Using the typology of anxiety developed by Paul Tillich in The Courage to Be, the author demonstrates how the first three parts of Mirror separately explore the anxiety of emptiness, of guilt, and of fate. Throughout these early parts of the film, symbols of death underscore themes of anxiety. The author interprets the fourth part of Mirror as a sustained ...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - August 28, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Sullivan, D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Should We Be Writing Essays Instead of Articles? A Psychotherapist's Reflection on Montaigne's Marvelous Invention
Contemporary psychology may be overlooking an important mode of inquiry by insisting that our primary mode of communication should take the form of scientific articles rather than that of literary essays. The essay was first practiced and then refined by Michel de Montaigne in the late Renaissance and constitutes a unique literary form that incorporates both Renaissance humanism and the then-emerging spirit of scientific discovery. The aim of the present essay is to explore the uses psychotherapists might make of Montaigne’s Essays, both as a fruitful model for writing about and for reflecting on the human condition....
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - August 28, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Starr, R. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

What Makes a Good EMDR Therapist? Exploratory Findings From Client-Centered Inquiry
This article highlights the importance of honoring client safety in EMDR treatment by further exploring a theme from a phenomenological parent study on the use of EMDR with women in addiction continuing care. The parent study offered qualitative evidence showing that there is a place for EMDR as part of a comprehensive women’s addiction recovery program when applied properly. In this article, participants’ descriptions of their EMDR therapists and how these therapists were able to establish safety are described in greater detail than the parent study article allowed. Implications for emphasis on client-centered...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - August 28, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Marich, J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

An Existential-Integrative Treatment of Anxious and Depressed Adolescents
Today’s generation of young clinicians appear unfamiliar with how to incorporate existential concepts when treating adolescents experiencing internalizing symptoms. Empirically validated treatments for this population, including cognitive–behavioral, interpersonal, and psychopharmacological approaches undoubtedly are clearly beneficial. Several core existential concepts, however, can be effectively integrated with these empirically supported treatments to enhance outcomes. The article begins with a discussion of Rank, Tillich, and May’s conceptualization of existential anxiety for those unfamiliar with ex...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - August 28, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Shumaker, D. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Editor's Commentary
(Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - August 28, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Schneider, K. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Epistemological and Ethical Challenges in Standardized Testing and Collaborative Assessment
In this article, the author proposes that although treating clients humanistically may appear to be in conflict with the goal of objectivity in clinical assessment, they are not incompatible; and, indeed, as it is shown, the clinical psychologist has a responsibility to hold both goals in mind in order to achieve the most useful and accurate evaluations. Psychological assessment does not have to aim to remain exclusively in the realm of the "hard" sciences. Nor should assessment be relegated to the realm of pure subjectivity. The triangulation of narratives, particularly in collaborative assessment, provides a means of uni...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - June 1, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Aschieri, F. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Transcribing and Transcending the Ego: Reflections on the Phenomenology of Chronic Social Comparison
This article describes narrative research, conducted at the beginning of several undergraduate courses in personality theory, in which students (n = 229) were encouraged to introspect into the process of objectifying and evaluating the self. After undergoing brief mindfulness training, individuals spent 1 week journaling about salient upward and downward social comparisons, with particular attention to those experiences that triggered strong feelings of inferiority and superiority. Prototypic journal passages are quoted to illustrate central findings. Participants expressed a remarkably intense array of self-evaluative epi...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - June 1, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Wolsko, C. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Experiences of Self-Esteem in Outpatients Diagnosed With Psychosis: A Phenomenological Study
The aim of the article is explore the meaning of self-esteem for individuals with psychotic disorders. To understand how individuals with psychosis experience self-esteem, eight participants (four females and four males) were interviewed using a semistructured open-ended format with scripted questions. Individuals with psychotic disorders maintained a sense of self by pursuing social and interpersonal activities that sustained and enhanced their self-esteem. Neither the positive symptoms nor the negative symptoms commonly associated with psychotic disorders appeared to diminish self-esteem. Also, participants did not descr...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - June 1, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Frank, D. M., Davidson, L. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Women Psychologists: Multiple Paths, Similar Yet Distinct Identities
Six women from the same graduate school of psychology, one faculty member and one student from each year of the doctoral program, came together to learn about each other, the developmental experiences of women psychologists, and to supplement the largely overlooked documented histories of women psychologists. As a result, these women, whose personal histories differed greatly, began a project to record their individual and collective life and career development experiences with the ultimate goals of (a) identifying predominant characteristics of the first women psychologists, (b) comparing their paths with those who led th...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - June 1, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Scott, M., Brown, F., Marshall, K., Judd, E. J., Braboy, L., Jhaveri-Mehta, S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

"Listening With the Third Ear": An Exploration of Empathy in Musical Performance
This study confirms the centrality of the relational bond in forging effective communication and purposeful interaction. Examination of nontherapeutic relational models offers a promising and innovative direction for future study with potential for yielding perhaps deeper understanding of therapeutic constructs. Exploration of empathy in nonclinical relationships may also enhance the accessibility of this ephemeral construct for students and researchers dedicated to capturing its impact in therapeutic process. (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - June 1, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Myers, S. A., White, C. M. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Editor's Commentary
(Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - June 1, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Schneider, K. J. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Erratum
Christopher, J. C., Chrisman, J. A., Trotter-Mathison, M. J., Schure, M. B., Dahlen, P., & Christopher, S. B. (2011). Perceptions of the long-term influence of mindfulness training on counselors and psychotherapists: A qualitative inquiry. Journal of Humanistic Psychology, 51(3), 318-349. (Original DOI: 10.1177/0022167810381471) (Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology)
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - March 5, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Parent's Conception and Experience of Calling in Child Rearing: A Qualitative Analysis
This article investigates the relevance of calling in the parental domain and explores the experience of calling in child rearing. Using interpretative phenomenological analysis, 11 qualitative, semistructured interviews were conducted with mothers and fathers. Different parents were interviewed at three distinct developmental time points in their child(ren)’s lives: while their child was an infant (<2 years), while their children were of primary school age (aged 4-12), and when their children were in their late teens or early 20s and were more or less independent (>17 years). Parents of both genders and across...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - March 5, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Coulson, J., Oades, L., Stoyles, G. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

An Investigation of the Relations Between Altruism, Empathy, and Spirituality
This study investigated the relations between altruism, empathy, and spirituality in a sample of 186 university students. Zero-order and partial correlations controlling for age, sex, and social desirability indicated that, although altruism and empathy are related to each other in a manner consistent with previous research, the association of both of these to spirituality is complex and multidirectional. In particular, empathy was found to be significantly positively related to nonreligious spiritual cognitions, religiousness, and spiritual experiences and negatively associated with existential well-being. Altruism, on th...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - March 5, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Huber, J. T., MacDonald, D. A. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

The Relationship of Hardiness and Some Other Relevant Variables to College Performance
Although it has emerged as a factor in performance effectiveness in both working adults and college students, hardiness has also been shown to be related to other factors that may well also be related to performance effectiveness. Consequently, attempts need to be made to determine whether the relationship to performance of hardiness is anything more than a mere reflection of its relationship to these other factors. This approach, which was begun in the comparison of the relative role of hardiness, optimism, and religiosity in performance effectiveness, is continued in the present study. Specifically, the relationship to g...
Source: Journal of Humanistic Psychology - March 5, 2012 Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Maddi, S. R., Harvey, R. H., Khoshaba, D. M., Fazel, M., Resurreccion, N. Tags: Articles Source Type: research