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Journal of Nursing Scholarship

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Are We There Yet?
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - October 7, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Health Empowerment Among Immigrant Women in Transnational Marriages in Taiwan
ConclusionsPAR was a helpful strategy that enabled disadvantaged migrant women to increase their health literacy, psychological and social health, and well‐being. Clinical RelevanceThe findings can be referenced by the government in making health‐promoting policies for Southeast Asian immigrant women to increase their well‐being. Community health nurses can apply PAR strategies to plan and design health promotion intervention for disadvantaged migrant women. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - October 7, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Yung‐Mei Yang, Hsiu‐Hung Wang, Fang‐Hsin Lee, Miao‐Ling Lin, Pei‐Chao Lin Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Using Photovoice to Explore Nigerian Immigrants’ Eating and Physical Activity in the United States
ConclusionsPhotovoice was a feasible, effective methodology for collecting data on the perceptions and practices of Nigerian immigrants. Nigerian participants believed that adherence to traditional dietary and activity practices are healthy. Nurses and other healthcare providers must make concerted efforts to communicate with and educate Nigerian immigrants about healthful eating and activity behaviors within their cultural context. Clinical RelevanceThe number of African immigrants to the United States has increased dramatically. Photovoice is a creative method to learn about the health beliefs and behaviors of the Nigeri...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 2, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Melanie T. Turk, Abimbola Fapohunda, Rick Zoucha Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

The Future of the Clinical Nurse Specialist Role in Finland
ConclusionsThis is the first national study to examine the implementation of the CNS role in Finland. Expert panelists’ views regarding the CNS role will be valuable in the forthcoming national policy formulation process. Although the policy Delphi design is not often utilized, this study reveals that it is very well suited to guide and inform national and international APN policy development. Clinical RelevanceThis study contributes to CNS role development and describes the methods facilitating the essential policy formulation process. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Krista Jokiniemi, Kaisa Haatainen, Riitta Meretoja, Anna‐Maija Pietilä Tags:   Source Type: research

Spirituality as a Predictive Factor for Signing an Organ Donor Card
ConclusionsSigning an organ donor card was found to be correlated with high purpose in life, positive attitudes toward organ donation, and low level of transcendental spirituality. Clinical RelevanceNurses should assess the patient's spiritual needs in order to construct appropriate programs for promoting signing an organ donor card. Nurses who signed an organ donor card should be encouraged to share this information with their patients. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Anat Peles Bortz, Tamar Ashkenazi, Semyon Melnikov Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Risk Factors for Current Smoking Among American and South Korean Adolescents, 2005–2011
ConclusionsThese risk factors, their change from earlier years, and gender differences should be recognized in the screening of vulnerable individuals for smoking and formulating effective intervention programs. Clinical RelevanceThese results will provide information for the design and implementation of cessation programs for adolescents in these countries. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Sung Suk Chung, Kyoung Hwa Joung Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Course Content Related to Chronic Wounds in Nursing Degree Programs in Spain
ConclusionsThis review of available information about nursing degree programs in Spain indicates that pain management in patients with chronic wounds is not addressed in any course, and more courses consider the treatment of pressure ulcers than their prevention. Clinical RelevanceDegree programs responsible for the training of future nurses should be reviewed and revised as needed to ensure that graduates have acquired minimum basic competencies in the prevention and treatment of chronic wounds that help to decrease the theory–practice gap in this field. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - September 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Angel Romero‐Collado, Marta Raurell‐Torreda, Edurne Zabaleta‐del‐Olmo, Erica Homs‐Romero, Carme Bertran‐Noguer Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

The State of Nursing Scholarship and Practice in Palestine
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - August 29, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Amal M. Abu Awad Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

“The Pure Hard Slog That Nursing Is . . .”: A Qualitative Analysis of Nursing Work
ConclusionsNurses’ satisfaction with work and motivation to work are being sorely tested. There is manifest tension between the core concepts of nursing—compassion and care—and a system of work that actively precludes nurses from being able to exhibit these virtues and fails to reward them. Workload, shift work, violence, and financial remuneration are drivers of attrition and need to be addressed. Clinical RelevanceImplications from this study are fourfold: determination of nursing workload, mitigating the impact of shift work, providing safe work environments, and adequate financial remuneration. (Source: Journal o...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - August 27, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Fiona Bogossian, Peta Winters‐Chang, Anthony Tuckett Tags: PROFESSION AND SOCIETY Source Type: research

What Do You Need to Read?
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - August 27, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Peace and Power: A Theory of Emancipatory Group Process
ConclusionsThe theoretical framework of “Peace and Power” is consistent with characteristics of emancipatory integrity that are vital for social change. Clinical RelevanceThe processes of “Peace and Power” can be used to create peaceful, cooperative interactions among nurses, with other health professionals, with patients and families, and in communities. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - August 25, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Peggy L. Chinn, Adeline Falk‐Rafael Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Participant Comprehension of Research for Which They Volunteer: A Systematic Review
ConclusionsFindings indicate (a) inconsistent assessment of participant reading or health literacy level, (b) measurement variation associated with use of nonstandardized tools, and (c) continued therapeutic misconception and lack of understanding among research participants of randomization, placebo, benefit, and risk. While the Agency for Healthcare and Quality and National Quality Forum have published informed consent and authorization toolkits, previously published validated tools are underutilized. Clinical RelevanceInformed consent requires the assessment of health literacy, reading level, and comprehension of resear...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - August 15, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Wanda Montalvo, Elaine Larson Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Does Organizational Justice Predict Empowerment? Nurses Assess Their Work Environment
ConclusionsOrganizational justice and the possibility to use one's individual skills at work are significant factors in staff activity and its development in nursing. They increase the level of empowerment and commitment as well as motivation to work. Clinical RelevanceThe results of this study confirm that nurses regard organizational justice as highly important. We can facilitate both work‐related empowerment and organizational justice by creating and maintaining a culture of fairness and justice. Employees should be heard and involved more in the planning and decision making of work. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - August 15, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Liisa Kuokkanen, Helena Leino‐Kilpi, Jouko Katajisto, Tarja Heponiemi, Timo Sinervo, Marko Elovainio Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Career Cartography: A Conceptualization of Career Development to Advance Health and Policy
ConclusionsThe successful utilization of career cartography may accelerate advancement of individual careers, scientific impact, and the discipline as a whole by guiding nurse researchers to be deliberative in career planning and to communicate successfully the outcomes of research across a wide variety of stakeholders. Career cartography provides a framework for planning a nurse researcher's program of research and scholarship to advance science, policy, and health of the public. Clinical RelevanceCareer cartography guides nurse researchers to realize their full potential to advance the health of the public and inform pub...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Suzanne Feetham, Jennifer J. Doering Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Systematic Review: Internet‐Based Program for Youth Smoking Prevention and Cessation
ConclusionsThe characteristics and effects of the programs vary, but most programs show positive results in youth smoking prevention and cessation in spite of the studies’ limitations. Clinical RelevanceThe evidence from this review provides useful information of recent efforts related to Internet‐based youth smoking prevention and cessation programs, which can have significant clinical implications in developing future innovative youth smoking prevention and intervention programs. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Eunhee Park, Emily Drake Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Abusive Supervision and Links to Nurse Intentions to Quit
ConclusionsAbusive supervision impacted nurse outcomes. Specifically, personal abuse had personal and health impacts; work‐focused abuse had work‐oriented effects. Applying appraisal theory suggests that personal attacks are primarily assessed as stressful and unchangeable; task‐oriented attacks are assessed as stressful, but changeable; and isolation is assessed as benign. The findings highlight the impact of abusive supervision, especially task attacks, on outcomes important to nurse retention. Clinical RelevanceThe findings can be used to devise programs to educate, train, and support supervisors and their subordi...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: John Rodwell, Yvonne Brunetto, Defne Demir, Kate Shacklock, Rod Farr‐Wharton Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Writing: Ensuring the Stars Align
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - July 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Factors Influencing Parents’ Decision to Donate Their Healthy Infant's DNA for Minimal‐Risk Genetic Research
ConclusionsSignificant gaps and misunderstandings in parental knowledge of pediatric genetic research may affect parental willingness to donate their healthy child's DNA. Clinical RelevanceNurses knowledgeable about the decision‐making process parents utilize to donate their healthy infant's DNA for minimal‐risk genetic research and the factors influencing that decision are well positioned to educate parents about the role of genetics in health and illness and reassure potential research participants of the value and safeguards in pediatric genetic research. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - June 19, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Linda A. Hatfield, Margaret M. Pearce Tags:   Source Type: research

Quiet Please! Drug Round Tabards: Are They Effective and Accepted? A Mixed Method Study
ConclusionsOur study indicates that this intervention contributes to a reduction in interruptions and MAEs. However, the reduction in MAEs cannot be fully explained by the decrease in interruptions alone; other factors may have also influenced the effect on MAEs. We advocate for further research on complementary interventions that contribute to a further reduction of MAEs. Clinical RelevanceWe can conclude that drug round tabards are effective to improve medication safety and are therefore important for the quality of nursing care and the reduction of MAEs. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - June 13, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Lotte Verweij, Marian Smeulers, Jolanda M. Maaskant, Hester Vermeulen Tags:   Source Type: research

Honorary and Ghost Authorship in Nursing Publications
ConclusionsInappropriate authorship is a significant problem among scholarly nursing publications. RelevanceIf nursing scholarship is to maintain integrity and be considered trustworthy, and if publications are to be a factor in professional advancement, editors, nursing leaders, and faculty need to disseminate and adhere to ethical authorship practices. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - June 13, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Maureen Shawn Kennedy, Jane Barnsteiner, John Daly Tags:   Source Type: research

New Opportunity for the Development of Nursing in China
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Xiuhua Li Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

Commentaries on the Global State of Nursing
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: COMMENTARY Source Type: research

Charting Future Directions in Nursing Research: NINR's Innovative Questions Initiative
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Patricia A. Grady Tags: GUEST EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Treatment‐Seeking Behavior for Postpartum Urinary Incontinence
ConclusionsThe lack of counseling largely determines the low rates of treatment‐seeking among Spanish mothers. Clinical RelevanceNursing counseling during pregnancy can contribute substantially to increasing the number of women treated for postpartum UI. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Regina Ruiz de Viñaspre Hernández, Concepción Tomás Aznar, Encarnación Rubio Aranda Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Examining Antenatal Health Literacy in Ghana
ConclusionsWomen in this study exhibited low health literacy by incorrectly interpreting and operationalizing health education received during antenatal care. With limited health literacy, pregnant women cannot fully comprehend the scope of services that a health system can provide for them and their families. Clinical RelevanceAchieving the greatest impact with limited time in antenatal care is a challenge. Since antenatal care is widely available to pregnant women in Ghana, it is vital to reexamine the way antenatal education is delivered. Pregnant women must receive health information that is accurate and easy to unders...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Jody R. Lori, Chin Hwa Y. Dahlem, Jacqueline V. Ackah, Richard M.K. Adanu Tags:   Source Type: research

The Praxis of Courage as a Foundation for Care
ConclusionsThe concept of courage is germane to nursing and provides a unique aspect of nursing care, not fully incorporated into “care,” “compassion,” or the caring sciences. Apart from its linkage toward a moral ethic, courage is not presently used in nursing theory. We recommend incorporating this traditional concept into nursing theory, research, and practice. Clinical RelevanceDeveloping courage in novice professionals and stre‐ngthening courage in practitioners can not only improve professional integrity, but also improve patient safety. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Sara F. Hawkins, Janice Morse Tags:   Source Type: research

Anything but Basic: Nursing's Challenge in Meeting Patients’ Fundamental Care Needs
ConclusionsNursing's challenge to meet patients’ basic or fundamental needs is complex. Developing a knowledge base will include identifying researchable questions, using rigorous methodologies, ensuring the relational dimensions are not lost, and ensuring the new knowledge is applied in practice. This requires collaboration on an international scale to achieve improvements in care. Clinical RelevanceTo work collaboratively to generate, test, and implement meaningful ways of capturing nursing practice around basic or fundamental care in order to ensure more integrated, holistic patient care nursing practices. (Source: Jo...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 23, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Alison L. Kitson, Åsa Muntlin Athlin, Tiffany Conroy, Tags:   Source Type: research

Scientific Misconduct: Also an Issue in Nursing Science?
ConclusionsScientific misconduct is a multilevel phenomenon. Interventions to decrease scientific misconduct must therefore target every level of the nursing research systems. Clinical RelevanceScientific misconduct not only compromises scientific integrity by distorting empirical evidence, but it might endanger patients. Because nurses are involved in clinical research, raising their awareness of scientifically inappropriate behavior is essential. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 23, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Katharina Fierz, Susan Gennaro, Kris Dierickx, Theo Achterberg, Karen H. Morin, Sabina Geest, Tags:   Source Type: research

Multi‐Ethnic Minority Nurses’ Knowledge and Practice of Genetics and Genomics
ConclusionsMost respondents felt genomics is important to integrate into practice but demonstrated knowledge deficits. There was strong interest in the need for continuing education and the role of the ethnic minority organizations in facilitating the continuing education efforts. This study provides evidence of the need for targeted genomic education to prepare ethnic minority nurses to better translate genetics and genomics into practice. Clinical RelevanceGenomics is critical to the practice of all nurses, most especially family health history assessment and the genomics of common complex diseases. There is a great oppo...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 23, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Bernice Coleman, Kathleen A. Calzone, Jean Jenkins, Carmen Paniagua, Reynaldo Rivera, Oi Saeng Hong, Ida Spruill, Vence Bonham Tags:   Source Type: research

Job‐Related Stress and Sickness Absence Among Belgian Nurses: A Prospective Study
ConclusionsThe combined model of DCS and ERI‐OC predicts the odds for long‐term and short‐term sickness absence and multiple episodes. Clinical RelevanceThis study has implications for human resources management in nursing organizations. Nursing administrators are advised to monitor and balance nurses’ job demands and efforts. They should recognize the importance of social support, job control, job rewards, and overcommitment in order to reduce the job stress of nurses. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 22, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Jeroen Trybou, Sofie Germonpre, Heidi Janssens, Annalisa Casini, Lutgart Braeckman, Dirk De Bacquer, Els Clays Tags:   Source Type: research

Health Education Needs of Incarcerated Women
ConclusionsTrust, respect and empowerment are key concepts in educating incarcerated women about their personal health and health of their families. Clinical RelevanceWith over 200,000 women incarcerated in the United States today, creating policies and practices that focus on the healthcare education needs of women that are woman focused may enhance knowledge and skills and may ultimately lead to reduced recidivism. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 22, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Shirley Dinkel, Katie Schmidt Tags:   Source Type: research

Unacknowledged Threats Proffered “in a Manner of Speaking”: Recognizing Workplace Bullying as Shaming
ConclusionsBullies' confusing prosodic communication processes served to recontexualize victims' situations and, through mechanisms largely unacknowledged by the victims, to subtly demean their personhood, and to shame them and render them voiceless. Clinical relevanceThis study directs formal attention to the language of workplace bullying. Further study might strengthen opportunities to effectively address and curtail the long‐term personal, professional, and organizational injuries deriving from workplace bullying. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 22, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Laura Cox Dzurec, Monica Kennison, Raya Albataineh Tags:   Source Type: research

Early Recovery Experience of Patients With Injury in Taiwan
ConclusionsThe findings identify that injuries bring several problems for patients. Some culture‐related issues such as Chinese diets, Chinese medicine, and karmic causation have emerged. Clinicians should better understand patient care needs in the early stages of recovery after an injury. Clinical RelevanceFindings from this study could lead to new interventions, and finally improve care outcomes for patients with injuries. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 22, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Pi‐Ling Chou, Chi‐Sheng Chien, Bih‐O Lee, Yu‐Ling Bai, Chang‐Chiao Hung Tags:   Source Type: research

Using Nursing Intervention Classification in an Advance Practice Registered Nurse–Led Preventive Model for Adults Aging With Developmental Disabilities
ConclusionsFive NIC interventions form the basis of an APRN‐led preventive intervention model for individuals aging with lifelong disability, with health education as the most common intervention, combined with interventions to manage weight and nutrition, promote healthy behaviors, and encourage routine health screening. Less frequently reported NIC interventions suggest the need to tailor prevention to individual needs, whether acute or chronic. Clinical RelevanceAPRNs employing prevention among adults aging with developmental disabilities must anticipate the need to focus on health education strategies for health prom...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 22, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Joan Earle Hahn Tags:   Source Type: research

Perception of Spanish Nursing Staff on the Use of Physical Restraints
ConclusionsIn contrast to papers published in other countries, nurses in this study still consider it necessary to apply restraints in everyday practice. The education of nursing staff regarding restraint and knowledge of alternatives is needed; they should at least be aware of international standards of care regarding physical restraint use. Clinical RelevanceMost of the staff perceived their training related to the use of these devices as insufficient. Nursing assistants considered the use of restraints more important than did the registered nurses. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 22, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Emilio Fariña‐López, Gabriel J. Estévez‐Guerra, Manuel Gandoy‐Crego, Luz M. Polo‐Luque, Cristina Gómez‐Cantorna, Elizabeth A. Capezuti Tags:   Source Type: research

Tuberculosis Treatment for Mexican Americans Living on the U.S.–Mexico Border
ConclusionsTB treatment can create a high level of patient burden. The participants in TB treatment in the LRGV on the Texas‐Mexico border reported a high level of stigma. Due to this stigma, patients struggled to find a balance between exposure to stigma and the support from family that buoyed them through treatment. Clinical RelevanceThe findings support the importance of addressing stigma and the resulting sense of isolation in patients being treated for TB, perhaps through bolstering support from family and healthcare providers, which is relevant for public health professionals working in regions with high rates of T...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Julie Ann Zuñiga, Silvia E. Muñoz, Mary Zuñiga Johnson, Alexandra Garcia Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

The Effect of Cognitive Stimulation on Nursing Home Elders: A Randomized Controlled Trial
ConclusionsCST had significantly improved cognition, explaining the 15.7% variability, but there was no statistical evidence of its effectiveness on depressive symptoms. This improvement was not affected by the baseline level of dependence‐independence in ADLs. Clinical RelevanceCST offers a range of activities, providing general stimulation for thinking, concentration, and memory, usually in a social setting. These results will support implementation of CST in NHs. In addition to the impact on elderly independence and autonomy, CST may also have an economic impact by reducing the direct costs of the impact of elders’ ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 5, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: João Luís Alves Apóstolo, Daniela Filipa Batista Cardoso, Ana Isabel Rosa, Constança Paúl Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Impact of a Smoking Cessation Educational Program on Nurses’ Interventions
ConclusionsThree months after attendance at an educational program focused on the nurses’ role in supporting smoking cessation efforts, more nurses engaged in interventions to help smokers quit. However, the program was less effective for nurses who smoked. Clinical RelevanceThis program demonstrated promise in building capacity among Czech nurses to assist with smoking cessation, but nurses’ smoking poses a challenge. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Linda P. Sarna, Stella Aguinaga Bialous, Eva Kraliková, Alexandra Kmetova, Vladislava Felbrová, Stanislava Kulovaná, Katerina Malá, Eva Roubicková, Marjorie J. Wells, Jenny K. Brook Tags:   Source Type: research

Workplace Violence and Occupational Stress in Healthcare Workers: A Chicken‐and‐Egg Situation—Results of a 6‐Year Follow‐up Study
Conclusions and ImplicationsThe relationship between work‐related distress and WV is bidirectional. The monitoring of workers through questionnaires distributed before their periodic examination is a simple and effective way of studying WV and monitoring distress. Clinical RelevanceThe findings of the present study may facilitate the subsequent design of participatory intervention for the prevention of violence in healthcare facilities. This should always be accompanied by measures designed to reduce strain and improve social support. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Nicola Magnavita Tags:   Source Type: research

Average Hospital Length of Stay, Nurses’ Work Demands, and Their Health and Job Outcomes
ConclusionsA shorter LOS was associated with higher work demands, and higher work demands were associated with worse nurse outcomes. Thus, excessive work demands should be avoided to prevent nurses’ health and job outcomes from deteriorating. Clinical RelevanceNurse managers need to monitor the impacts of reducing LOS on work demands and nurse outcomes and request additional nurses to meet increasing work demands. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 6, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Sung‐Hyun Cho, Mihyun Park, Sang Hee Jeon, Hyoung Eun Chang, Hyun‐Ja Hong Tags: HEALTH POLICY AND SYSTEMS Source Type: research

Do Patient Characteristics Influence Nursing Adherence to a Guideline for Preventing Delirium?
ConclusionsPatient characteristics influence nursing in preventive delirium care. Clinical RelevanceThe findings can help to improve preventive delirium care by nurses. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 6, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Roelie Ijkema, Maaike Langelaan, Lotte Steeg, Cordula Wagner Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Attitudinal Factors Protective Against Youth Smoking: An Integrative Review
ConclusionsFindings suggest attitudinal factors play a role in protection against youth smoking. Those youth who assign realistic values to smoking risks and benefits are more equipped to engage in the health‐protective behavior of not smoking. Youth, adolescents, and young adults appear vulnerable to inappropriate designation of risk and benefit values of smoking. Theoretical interpretation suggests that bolstering attitudinal factors during youth might counteract immature risk assessment. These findings justify further research related to protective mechanisms against youth smoking and youth‐based smoking prevention ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Carissa Renée Arens, Tiffany Lynn White, Nichole Massengill Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Evaluation of Printed Health Education Materials for Use by Low‐Education Families
ConclusionsImproving outcomes and reducing health disparities are increasingly important, and patients must be partners in their care for this to occur. One step to increasing patient understanding of written instructions is improving the quality of the materials in the instruction for all patients and their families, especially those with limited literacy skills. Clinical RelevanceUsing materials that are written in a manner that facilitates the uptake and use of patient education content has great potential to improve the ability of patients and families to be partners in care and to improve outcomes, especially for thos...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Lesa Ryan, M. Cynthia Logsdon, Sarah McGill, Reetta Stikes, Barbara Senior, Bridget Helinger, Beth Small, Deborah Winders Davis Tags: PROFESSION AND SOCIETY Source Type: research

Cultural Correlates of Burden in Primary Caregivers of Older Relatives: A Cross‐sectional Study
ConclusionsOur findings add to the existing evidence regarding the influence of cultural factors in the perception of burden in caregiving situations. Clinical RelevanceA risk profile could be proposed for subjective burden in primary family caregivers. Individuals who are at risk are characterized as young, offspring who live with the care recipient, care for a care recipient with behavioral problems, are unsatisfied with the social support received, and have a low balanced reciprocity. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Rafael del‐Pino‐Casado, Martín David Millán‐Cobo, Pedro A. Palomino‐Moral, Antonio Frías‐Osuna Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Conducting Important and Ethical Research
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

The Discrimination of Using the Short Physical Performance Battery to Screen Frailty for Community‐Dwelling Elderly People
ConclusionsThe research findings suggest that physical performance variables can be used to effectively screen elderly people at risk for frailty in the community. Clinical RelevanceThe findings offer reference values for physical performance tests specific to community‐dwelling frail elderly people. The information can enable health practitioners to achieve early identification of frailty among elderly people with anthropometric characteristics similar to those associated with people in Asian countries. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2014 Category: Nursing Authors: Shu‐Fang Chang, Rong‐Sen Yang, Tsung‐Ching Lin, Shu‐Ching Chiu, Mei‐Li Chen, Hui‐Chen Lee Tags: WORLD HEALTH Source Type: research

Israeli Nurses’ Intention to Report for Work in an Emergency or Disaster
ConclusionsPersonal factors, such as perceived knowledge, risk appraisal, and self‐efficacy, are more important to Israeli nurses than objective barriers in preventing them from reporting for emergency work. The level of perceived knowledge as to the demands on and duties of nurses in a large‐scale emergency is low. Self‐efficacy enhancing activities need to be introduced into nurse training for emergency preparedness. Clinical RelevanceThis study makes an important contribution to research on the importance of perceived self‐efficacy in the context of disaster planning. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 19, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: Semyon Melnikov, Michal Itzhaki, Ilya Kagan Tags: PROFESSION AND SOCIETY Source Type: research

Defining and Incorporating Basic Nursing Care Actions Into the Electronic Health Record
ConclusionsThis project demonstrated that it is possible to define the concept of basic nursing care and to distinguish it from the interdisciplinary, problem‐focused plan of care. The use of the electronic health record can help clarify, document, and communicate basic care elements and improve uptake among nurses. Clinical RelevanceThis project to define basic nursing care activities and incorporate into the electronic health record represents a first step in capturing meaningful data elements. When fully implemented, these data could be translated into knowledge for improving care outcomes and collaborative processes....
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 19, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: Jane Englebright, Kelly Aldrich, Cathy R. Taylor Tags: SPECIAL ISSUE Source Type: research

A Patient‐Focused Framework Integrating Self‐Management and Informatics
ConclusionsThe Empowerment Informatics framework can guide intervention design and evaluation and support practicing nurses’ ethical use of technology as part of self‐management support. Clinical RelevanceNurses worldwide provide support to patients who are living with chronic illnesses. As pressures related to cost and access to care increase, technology‐enabled self‐management interventions will become increasingly common. This patient‐focused framework can guide nursing practice using technology that prioritizes patient needs. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 19, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: Elizabeth P. Knight, Kimberly Shea Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Exploring the Frequency of Blood Pressure Documentation in Emergency Departments
ConclusionsIn this dataset, median time between documentation of BP in the ED was every 2.3 hr for all patients. While the median time was statistically significant between ESI categories, these times may not be clinically relevant. More important was the inconsistent documentation of vital signs of ED patients in the designated fields in the EHR. Most facilities (84.1%) documented BP for >75% of patient visits. However, eight facilities (9.1%) had BP documented in <50% of patient visits. Clinical RelevanceIt seems unlikely that vital signs are not monitored in the ED; nurses anecdotally report that vital signs are r...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 19, 2013 Category: Nursing Authors: Rebecca S. Miltner, Kimberly D. Johnson, Rhiannon Deierhoi Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research