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Behavioral Interventions Targeting Chronic Pain, Depression, and Substance Use Disorder in Primary Care
ConclusionsMORE, ACT, and CBT combined with mindfulness and Motivational Interviewing had the most promising results for treating chronic pain, depression, and SUD in various combinations in primary care settings. Clinical RelevanceThe evidence is mounting that behavioral interventions such as mindfulness‐based or cognitive‐behavioral interventions are effective strategies for managing patients with comorbidities of chronic pain, depression, and SUD in primary care. Integrated delivery of behavioral interventions via group sessions, computers, and smart phones may increase patient access to treatment; save time and cos...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 5, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Kathleen Barrett, Yu‐Ping Chang Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Mobile Phone Short Message Service to Improve Malaria Pharmacoadherence in Zambia
ConclusionsSMS reminder messages did not appear to improve pharmacoadherence in malaria medication. Clinical RelevanceThe study indicates few implications to nursing practice due to the lack of association between SMS and adherence, but adds to current knowledge. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 3, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Elinda Enright Steury Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Activities Patients and Nurses Undertake to Promote Patient Participation
ConclusionsPatient participation appears to be difficult to enact. Nurses’ controlling approach, influenced by organizational issues, was in conflict with a patient‐centered approach to care. Nurse–patient communication is one aspect of patient‐centered care enacted more frequently. Clinical RelevanceNurses may benefit from strategies at the individual and organizational level to enhance their patient‐centered practices. Fostering nurses’ communication may enhance patient‐centered practices in hospitals. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Georgia Tobiano, Andrea Marshall, Tracey Bucknall, Wendy Chaboyer Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Registered Nurses: The Curious Case of a Persistent Shortage
ConclusionsThe increased supply of nurses came from delayed retirements, higher relative hospital wages (inducing nurses in other sectors to return to hospitals), and added‐worker effects. Additional nursing hours were drawn from a pool of RNs who were not employed in health care. Clinical RelevanceThese results strongly suggest that correctly aligned incentives could reduce RN shortages without waiting for another recession. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: William G. Johnson, Richard Butler, Gevork Harootunian, Barbara Wilson, Margaret Linan Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Clinical Nurse Leader Integrated Care Delivery to Improve Care Quality: Factors Influencing Perceived Success
ConclusionsCNL initiative success is associated with modifiable organizational and implementation factors. Clinical RelevanceStudy findings can be used to inform the development of successful implementation strategies for CNL practice integration into care delivery models to improve care quality outcomes. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Miriam Bender, Marjory Williams, Wei Su, Lisle Hites Tags:   Source Type: research

Fulfill Promises and Avoid Breaches to Retain Satisfied, Committed Nurses
ConclusionsNegative experiences (i.e., breaches) were related to both increased feelings of violation and decreased feelings of trust. In contrast, positive experiences (i.e., fulfillment) increased trust but did not significantly reduce feelings of violation. Nurse and organizational managers can use these findings to improve communication with nurses so as to minimize the negative effects of breach and maximize the positive effects of fulfillment and thus improve attitudes. Clinical RelevanceNurse managers need to be careful to make promises regarding their nurses’ employment that they can fulfill and to particularly a...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - May 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: John Rodwell, Julia Ellershaw Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Satisfaction With a Family‐Focused Intervention for Mild Cognitive Impairment Dyads
ConclusionsResults documented PwMCI's satisfaction with DEMA as implemented by nurses to support PwMCI–caregiver dyads’ engagement in meaningful activity. DEMA may need revision to increase satisfaction for caregivers. Clinical RelevanceThe DEMA intervention was evaluated as useful, easy to use, and acceptable to PwMCI and their caregivers based on positive mean ratings. The study findings provide preliminary support of DEMA as a means to improve quality of life by helping to support patient and caregiver engagement in meaningful activities and problem solving. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 28, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Yvonne Yueh‐Feng Lu, Jennifer Ellis, Ziyi Yang, Michael T. Weaver, Tamilyn Bakas, Mary Guerriero Austrom, Joan E. Haase Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

The Impact of International Service‐Learning on Nursing Students’ Cultural Competency
ConclusionsThe research findings support nursing education program use of international service‐learning immersion experiences to foster cultural competence in nursing students. Findings from student participants demonstrated and articulated that these program experiences strengthen the process of becoming culturally competent. The research findings support the inclusion of international service‐learning experiences with debriefing and reflective learning as effective teaching strategies. Researchers have demonstrated that poor healthcare outcomes are a result of health disparities, which are then compounded by healthc...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 25, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Pamela Wolfe Kohlbry Tags: WORLD HEALTH Source Type: research

Concept Analysis of Maternal Autonomy in the Context of Breastfeeding
ConclusionsA clearer understanding of maternal autonomy in the context of breastfeeding will guide the development of a conceptual framework and expand nursing knowledge development. Clinical RelevanceA clearer definition of the concept of maternal autonomy in the context of breastfeeding will guide clinicians, researchers, and policy makers in protecting, promoting, and supporting breastfeeding globally towards achieving the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals, 2015–2030. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 25, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Shela Akbar Ali Hirani, Joanne Olson Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Reducing Preventable Hospitalizations With Two Models of Transitional Care
ConclusionsBoth transitional programs have value in decreasing rehospitalizations. The CNS intervention also significantly reduced ED visits for their target population. Further study with randomized controlled trials is needed to allow for a better understanding of the healthcare workforce best fitted to enhance transitional care outcomes. Future study to examine the cost savings of each of the interventions is also needed. Clinical RelevanceTransitional care programs have the potential to prevent unnecessary utilization of health care at the critical periods of transition that leave patients vulnerable to adverse events ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 13, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Jessica Morrison, Mary Val Palumbo, Betty Rambur Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Illness Representations of Injury: A Comparison of Patients and Their Caregivers
ConclusionsThis study found that patients and caregivers had negative illness representations several months after injury. Caregivers who provided care for severely injured patients or who did not share caring responsibilities perceived different extents of illness perceptions about the injury. The interventions should highlight the need to assist patients and caregivers after injury. Clinical RelevanceExploring the discrepancies in illness perceptions between injured patients and their caregivers can help clinicians to provide individualized care, and to design interventions that meet patients’ and caregivers’ needs. ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 13, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Bih‐O Lee, Jun‐Yu Fan, Chang‐Chiao Hung, Hsiang‐Chu Pai, Pi‐Ling Chou Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Parents’ Perspectives on Supporting Their Decision Making in Genome‐Wide Sequencing
ConclusionsParticipants expressed unmet decisional needs, which may have influenced the quality of their decisions. The strategies that participants suggested may help create parent‐tailored education, counseling, decision support, and informed consent processes. Clinical RelevanceHealth care professionals who offer GWS for children should assess parents’ values, priorities, and informational needs and tailor information accordingly. There are opportunities for nurses to become involved in supporting families who are considering GWS for their child. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - April 7, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Karen C. Li, Patricia H. Birch, Bernard M. Garrett, Maura MacPhee, Shelin Adam, Jan M. Friedman Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Exploring the Masculine Identity in the Context of HIV Prevention in Chile
ConclusionsAddressing HIV and intimate partner violence through developing education programs tailored to meet the needs of Chilean men are needed to include men in HIV prevention efforts. Clinical RelevanceSpecifically, incorporating ideas of what men consider healthy masculinity and working to destigmatize men who have sex with men are important steps in addressing the negative aspects of machismo. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Lilian Ferrer, Rosina Cianelli, Natalia Villegas, Reiley Reed, Margarita Bernales, Paula Repetto, Theodore Hufstader, Loreto Lara, Lisette Irarrázabal, Nilda Peragallo‐Montano Tags: CLINICAL SCHOLARSHIP Source Type: research

Evolving Methodologies and Technologies in Nursing Science
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Methods to Succeed in Effective Knowledge Translation in Clinical Practice
ConclusionsFacilitation is positioned as the active ingredient to effectively introduce new knowledge into a clinical setting. Levels of facilitation experience are assessed in relation to the complexity of the KT task. Three core facilitation roles are identified, and structured interventions are established taking into account the nature and novelty of the evidence, the receptiveness of the clinicians, and the context or setting where the new evidence is to be introduced. Clinical RelevanceRoles such as novice, experienced, and expert facilitators have important and complementary parts to play in enabling the successful ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Alison L. Kitson, Gillian Harvey Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Simulation in Nursing Education—International Perspectives and Contemporary Scope of Practice
This article provides insights and perspectives from four experienced educators about their approaches to developing, delivering, and evaluating impactful simulation learning experiences for undergraduate nurses. A case study format has been used to illustrate the commonalities and differences of where simulation has been positioned within curricula, with examples of specialized clinical domains and others with a more generic focus. The importance of pedagogy in developing and delivering simulations is highlighted in each case study. A range of learning theories appropriate for healthcare simulations are a reminder of the ...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Michelle A. Kelly, Elizabeth Berragan, Sissel Eikeland Husebø, Fiona Orr Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Visualization of Data Regarding Infections Using Eye Tracking Techniques
ConclusionsA user‐centric approach was effective in developing and evaluating visualizations for hospital infection transmission. For the visualizations designed by the users, the participants were easily able to comprehend the infection visualizations on both line graphs and infographics for simple visualization. The findings from the objective comprehension test and eye movement and subjective attitudes support the feasibility of integrating user‐centric visualization designs into electronic health records, which may inspire clinicians to be mindful of hospital infection transmission. Future studies are needed to inv...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Sunmoo Yoon, Bevin Cohen, Kenrick D. Cato, Jianfang Liu, Elaine L. Larson Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Factors Associated With Full Implementation of Scope of Practice
ConclusionsNurses wanted to practice to the full extent of their scope of practice and felt able to do so but were hindered by administrative and not personal barriers. Clinical RelevanceEven though staff nurses with post‐basic certification had high levels of professional autonomy and self‐efficacy, many were not implementing the full extent of their scope of practice. Similar to findings from around the world, external factors, such as administrative and policy barriers, were found to thwart the full implementation of nurses' full scope of practice. Therefore, practicing nurses should be aware of these barriers and w...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - March 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Freda DeKeyser Ganz, Orly Toren, Yafit Fadlon Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Nurses as Leaders in Disaster Preparedness and Response—A Call to Action
ConclusionsThis project represents an important step toward enhancing nurses’ roles as leaders, educators, responders, policymakers, and researchers in disaster preparedness and response. Nurses and the health and human service organizations that employ them are encouraged to engage in an expansive national dialogue regarding how to best incorporate the vision and recommendations into their individual lives and the organizations for which they work. Clinical RelevanceNurses comprise the largest healthcare workforce, and opportunities exist to strengthen disaster readiness, enhance national surge capacity, and build commu...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 11, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Tener Goodwin Veenema, Anne Griffin, Alicia R. Gable, Linda MacIntyre, RADM Nadine Simons, Mary Pat Couig, John J. Walsh, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Aram Dobalian, Elaine Larson Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

The Air Quality Health Index and Emergency Department Visits for Otitis Media
ConclusionsThese findings confirm that there is an association between the multipollutant Air Quality Health Index and emergency department visits for OM. The findings can be used to inform risk communication, patient education, and policy. Clinical RelevanceClinicians can use the Air Quality Health Index as an education and advocacy tool to promote and protect the health of those at high risk for OM to reduce exposures. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 2, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Termeh Kousha, Jessica Castner Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Five‐Year Bibliometric Review of Genomic Nursing Science Research
ConclusionsResearch‐based genomic nursing science articles are in the discovery phase of inquiry. All topics were investigated in more than one country. Healthcare disparities were addressed in few studies. Research findings from interdisciplinary teams were disseminated beyond nursing audiences, with findings addressing biologic discovery, decision making or support, and family being cited most frequently. Gaps in the reviewed articles included cross‐cutting themes, ethics, and clinical utility. Interdisciplinary research is needed to document clinical and system outcomes of genomic nursing science implementation in h...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 2, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Janet K. Williams, Toni Tripp‐Reimer, Sandra Daack‐Hirsch, Jennifer DeBerg Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Experiences and Lessons Learned in Using Community‐Based Participatory Research to Recruit Asian American Immigrant Research Participants
ConclusionsCBPR facilitated greater research participation among a group of immigrant Asian Americans. Researchers must be additionally mindful of the importance of building trusting relationships with their community partners, understanding the significance of shared experiences, considering fears around immigration status, and considering ongoing challenges in identifying and reaching hidden populations. Clinical RelevanceClinicians and researchers can employ CBPR principles to guide their work with Asian immigrant communities and other under‐represented groups to facilitate access to the population, improve participan...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - February 2, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Carina Katigbak, Meghan Foley, Lauren Robert, M. Katherine Hutchinson Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Why Write?
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 29, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

Dying Care Interventions in the Intensive Care Unit
ConclusionsThe psychosocial and spiritual activities in the care of dying patients are used infrequently by RNs in CR ICUs. The factors limiting the implementation of palliative care interventions and strategies improving implementation warrant further study. Clinical RelevanceAssessment of nursing activities implemented in the care of dying patients in the ICU may help identify issues specific to nursing practice. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 12, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Helena Kisvetrová, David Školoudík, Eva Joanovič, Jana Konečná, Zdeňka Mikšová Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Girlhood Betrayals of Women Childhood Trauma Survivors in Treatment for Addiction
ConclusionsThese findings on betrayal inform health care for trauma survivors and can be a framework for preventing violence against children. Clinical RelevanceInterventions for child and adolescent trauma survivors are critical to prevent the life‐long health sequelae of childhood trauma. Pivotal times to engage these survivors include periods when they may be accessed in school and healthcare settings. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Linda Grabbe, Janell Ball, Joanne M. Hall Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Effects of Multivitamin Supplements on Cognitive Function, Serum Homocysteine Level, and Depression of Korean With Mild Cognitive Impairment in Care Facilities
ConclusionsMultivitamin supplements increased cognitive function, and decreased serum homocysteine level and depression of Korean older adults with MCI in care facilities. Clinical RelevanceMultivitamin supplements can be utilized for improving cognitive ability and for decreasing depression of Korean older adults with MCI in care facilities. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Hye Kyung Lee, So Young Kim, Sohyune R. Sok Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Framework for Evaluating the Impact of Advanced Practice Nursing Roles
ConclusionsA practical, robust framework based on well‐established evaluation concepts and current understanding of APN roles can be used to conduct systematic evaluations. Clinical RelevanceThe evaluation framework is sufficiently generic to allow application in developed countries globally, both for evaluation as well as research purposes. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Denise Bryant‐Lukosius, Elisabeth Spichiger, Jacqueline Martin, Hansruedi Stoll, Sabine Degen Kellerhals, Monica Fliedner, Florian Grossmann, Morag Henry, Luzia Herrmann, Antje Koller, René Schwendimann, Anja Ulrich, Lukas Weibel, Betty Callens, Sabina Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Knowledge, Beliefs, Behaviors, and Social Norms Related to Use of Alternative Tobacco Products Among Undergraduate and Graduate Nursing Students in an Urban U.S. University Setting
ConclusionsNurses’ lack of knowledge about the emerging use and health threats associated with ATPs may undermine their ability to provide appropriate tobacco cessation counseling. Research is needed to identify gaps in nurses’ education regarding tobacco cessation counseling and to develop new counseling approaches specific to use of ATPs. Clinical RelevanceNurses play critical roles in counseling their patients for tobacco cessation. Further research and education about the risks presented by ATPs are critical to reducing excess tobacco‐related mortality. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Nancy VanDevanter, Sherry Zhou, Carina Katigbak, Madeline Naegle, Scott Sherman, Michael Weitzman Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Culturally Embedded Risk Factors for Cambodian Husband–Wife HIV Transmission: From Women's Point of View
ConclusionsWomen were not passive recipients of HIV transmission; they reciprocated with behaviors that were consistent with being a good Khmer woman in rural Cambodia, all of which increased their vulnerability to HIV transmission from their HIV‐infected spouses. Future interventions or programs should consider all these factors and not overly rely on simplistic educational messages about wearing barriers for HIV transmission during sex. Clinical RelevanceThe refined theoretical model of HIV transmission from this qualitative research can be used to formulate culturally sensitive and embedded programs for curbing intram...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Youngran Yang, Frances Marcus Lewis, Danuta Wojnar Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Nursing Students’ Willingness to Care for Older Adults in Taiwan
Conclusions: Taiwanese undergraduate nursing students had neutral to slightly favorable attitudes toward working with older adults. Nursing students’ positive attitudes about older adults, paying attention to issues related to older adults, and having been a volunteer that served older people were predictors of their willingness to care for older persons. Appropriate and practical strategies should be developed for students in order to increase their preference for caring for older people. Clinical Relevance: The findings of this study can provide information for faculty members and clinical preceptors for designing curr...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Mei‐Ju Chi, Meei‐Ling Shyu, Shou‐Yu Wang, Hsiu‐Ching Chuang, Yeu‐Hui Chuang Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

A Systematic Review of Self‐Management Interventions for Inflammatory Bowel Disease
ConclusionsThe interventions reviewed varied in the approaches, theoretical perspectives, self‐management skills, and outcomes measured. Additional research is needed to understand which are the active components of self‐management. Clinical RelevanceSupport for self‐management skills is an important component of nursing care for people with IBD. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - January 1, 2016 Category: Nursing Authors: Samantha Conley, Nancy Redeker Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Nurse Burnout, Nurse‐Reported Quality of Care, and Patient Outcomes in Thai Hospitals
ConclusionsFindings clearly indicate that nurse burnout is associated with increased odds of reporting negative patient outcomes. Implementing interventions to reduce nurse burnout is critical to improving patient care in Thai hospitals. Clinical RelevanceHospital administrators, nurse managers, and health leaders urgently need to create favorable work environments supporting nursing practice in order to reduce burnout and improve quality of care. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 9, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Apiradee Nantsupawat, Raymoul Nantsupawat, Wipada Kulnaviktikul1, Sue Turale, Lusine Poghosyan Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Disaster Preparedness in Philippine Nurses
ConclusionsNurses in the study revealed that they were not sufficiently prepared for disasters nor were they aware of disaster management protocols in the workplace. Clinical RelevanceHospital administrators should consider the development and formulation of disaster management protocols and provide appropriate disaster nursing education and training. Nursing curricula should incorporate basic principles of disaster management into nursing courses as a framework for addressing this critical deficit. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 9, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Leodoro J. Labrague, Begonia C. Yboa, Denise M. McEnroe–Petitte, Ledwin R. Lobrino, Mary Geronima B. Brennan Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Interprofessional Education: A Summary of Reports and Barriers to Recommendations
ConclusionsWhile a great deal has been written about interprofessional education, it is imperative for faculty in the different professional schools and for members of healthcare teams to engage in dialogues that address the fundamental and most obstinate barriers to forming equitable teams, which is the consistent narrative of medical privilege and centrism. Clinical RelevanceThe dialogues about medical privilege and physician centrism in education and health care could drive the development of programmatic approaches to enhancing interprofessional education and teamwork based on justice and equity frameworks. (Source: Jo...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 7, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Afaf I. Meleis Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Print or Online Publishing: Changing Technology
(Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 7, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Susan Gennaro Tags: EDITORIAL Source Type: research

The Relationships of Nurse Staffing Level and Work Environment With Patient Adverse Events
ConclusionsThis study found that a larger number of patients per nurse and poor work environment increase the incidence of patient adverse events, such as administration of the wrong medication or dose to a patient, pressure ulcers, and injury from falling after admission. The findings suggest that South Korean hospitals could prevent patient adverse events by improving nurse staffing and work environment. Clinical RelevanceHealthcare strategies and efforts to modify adequate nurse staffing levels and better work environments for nurses are needed to improve patient outcomes. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 7, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Eunhee Cho, Dal Lae Chin, Sinhye Kim, OiSaeng Hong Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Public Understanding of the Role of Nurses During Ebola
ConclusionsPortrayals of nurses and their work during the Ebola epidemic evolved over the epidemic, from positive to negative, and health systems were shown to be unprepared for a major epidemic. Clinical RelevanceMedia coverage of major health events can demonstrate system inadequacies, but inaccurate and misleading portrayals of nurses and the nursing profession can undermine and diminish the image of the nursing profession. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 7, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Linda McGillis Hall, Jordana Kashin Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

The Influence of Work‐Related Fatigue, Work Conditions, and Personal Characteristics on Intent to Leave Among New Nurses
ConclusionsWork‐related fatigue was a major determinant of new nurses’ intent to leave. More attention should be paid to fatigue reduction strategies among new nurses. Clinical RelevanceWork‐related fatigue should be monitored, particularly for new nurses who work more than 10 hr per day and who have greater workloads. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - December 7, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Yi Liu, Li‐Min Wu, Pi‐Ling Chou, Mei‐Hsin Chen, Li‐Chien Yang, Hsin‐Tien Hsu Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Social Support and Women Living With Breast Cancer in the South of Thailand
ConclusionsVarious forms of support are essential for women with breast cancer so that they can better cope with their condition. Clinical RelevanceNurses and other health professionals are an important source of social support for women with breast cancer. Through having an understanding of and being sensitive to these women's experiences, culture, and challenges, nurses and healthcare professionals can provide more individualized support and care to women during a vulnerable period of their life. We contend that the cultural perspectives of patients are crucial in nursing science. Nurses need to appreciate the importance...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - November 18, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Dusanee Suwankhong, Pranee Liamputtong Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Centrality of Body and Embodiment in Nursing Care: A Scoping Study of the Italian Literature
ConclusionsThe central nursing concepts of body and embodiment definitely require greater and more continuous efforts of theoretical study and empirical research within the nursing discipline, both in Italy and internationally. Clinical RelevanceA greater awareness of body and embodiment should guide nursing practice in caring for and supporting patients and also guide approaches to teaching and learning. Moreover, body and embodiment are concepts firmly rooted in nursing practice, and they are also ripe for future research and able to generate more holistic and complex ways of understanding patients. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - November 18, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Anna Marchetti, Michela Piredda, Maria Grazia Marinis Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Factors of Resilience in Emergency Department Nurses Who Have Experienced Workplace Violence in Taiwan
ConclusionsAmong all forms of SNI, only peer support was shown to enhance an individual's resilience. In addition, personality traits were associated with resilience, and religions did not play an important role in enhancing resilience among our participants. Clinical RelevanceThrough a clearer understanding of the role of peer support in resilience among ED nurses, healthcare managers should provide and enhance their peer support to intensify their resilience for prevention of consequences of workplace violence. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - November 18, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Hsiu‐Fen Hsieh, Yu‐Tung Hung, Hsiu‐Hung Wang, Shu‐Ching Ma, Shu‐Chen Chang Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Xerostomia Among Older Adults With Low Income: Nuisance or Warning?
ConclusionsIncreased focus on the detrimental health consequences of xerostomia would make treatment a higher priority. Improved assessment of at‐risk populations, particularly among the elderly, could lead to earlier preventative interventions, lessening the negative impact on quality of life. Clinical RelevanceHealth professionals along with the general public need increased knowledge about the detrimental effects of xerostomia on overall health. There is a need for earlier assessment and treatment to facilitate optimal health promotion and disease prevention. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - November 1, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Young‐Shin Lee, Hee‐Gerl Kim, Kim Moreno Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Correlates of Physical Activity Among Middle‐Aged and Older Korean Americans at Risk for Diabetes
ConclusionsPA interventions targeting this population may be beneficial and should consider the roles of sex, age, physical and social environment, motivation, and self‐efficacy. Clinical RelevanceClinical providers should understand the unique motivations for PA among Korean Americans and recognize the importance of culturally driven strategies to enable lifestyle changes and support successful aging for diverse populations. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - November 1, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Benjamin H. Han, Tina Sadarangani, Laura C. Wyatt, Jennifer M. Zanowiak, Simona C. Kwon, Chau Trinh‐Shevrin, Linda Lee, Nadia S. Islam Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

The Skin Safety Model: Reconceptualizing Skin Vulnerability in Older Patients
ConclusionsThe SSM presented in this article offers a new, unified framework that encompasses the spectrum of antecedents to skin vulnerability as well as the spectrum of iatrogenic skin injuries that may be sustained by older acute care patients. Current skin integrity frameworks address prevention and management of specific skin injuries. In contrast, the SSM recognizes the complex interplay of patient and system factors that may result in a range of iatrogenic skin injuries. Skin safety is reconceptualized into a single model that has the potential for application at the individual patient level, as well as healthcare s...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - November 1, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Jill L. Campbell, Fiona M. Coyer, Sonya R. Osborne Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Faculty Performance on the Genomic Nursing Concept Inventory
ConclusionsFaculty knowledge of foundational genomic concepts is similar to that of the students they teach and weakest in the areas related to basic science information. Clinical RelevanceGenomics is increasingly relevant in all areas of clinical nursing practice, and the faculty charged with educating the next generation of nurses must understand foundational concepts. Faculty need to be proactive in seeking out relevant educational programs that include basic genetic/genomic concepts. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - November 1, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Catherine Y. Read, Linda D. Ward Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Hospital Magnet Status, Unit Work Environment, and Pressure Ulcers
ConclusionsBoth hospital and unit environments were significantly associated with HAPUs, and the unit‐level work environment can be more influential in reducing HAPUs. Clinical RelevanceInvestment in the nurse work environments at both the hospital level and unit level has the potential to reduce HAPUs; and additional to hospital‐level initiatives (e.g., Magnet recognition program), efforts targeting on‐unit work environments deserve more attention. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - October 16, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Chenjuan Ma, Shin Hye Park Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Pharmacogenomics and Implications for Nursing Practice
ConclusionsThe utilization of the patient genetic–genomic profile is beginning to have an impact on patient drug therapy in clinical practice. Clinical RelevanceNurses are in the position to make sure, with the increased translation of pharmacogenomics into clinical practice, that adverse drug reactions are avoided and doses are optimized. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - October 15, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Dennis J. Cheek, Lisa Bashore, Dan Alan Brazeau Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Nurse Staffing and Quality of Care of Nursing Home Residents in Korea
ConclusionsStudy results supported RNs’ unique contribution to resident outcomes in comparison to alternative nurse staffing in fall prevention, decreased use of tube feeding, better range of motion for residents, and decreased aggressive behaviors in nursing homes in Korea. More research is required to confirm the effects of nurse staffing on residents’ outcomes in Korea. Clinical RelevanceWe found consistency in the effects of RN staffing on resident outcomes acceptable. By assessing nurse staffing levels and compositions of nursing staffs, this study contributes to more effective long‐term care insurance by reflec...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - October 14, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Juh Hyun Shin, Ta Kyung Hyun Tags: ORIGINAL MANUSCRIPT Source Type: research

Addressing the Challenges of Conducting Research in Developing Countries
ConclusionsStrategies for research should protect the rights of the most vulnerable and disadvantaged populations while balancing the needs of society at large, provide culturally relevant ethical informed consent while balancing institutional review board requirements, and conduct research in a culturally appropriate manner for the host country while balancing the principles of ethical research established by developed countries. Clinical RelevanceResearchers are implored to focus on the ethical and cultural appropriateness of each aspect of the study process to afford the highest level of research credibility and validit...
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - October 7, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Roxanne M. Amerson, Cecily W. Strang Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research

Bullying and Its Prevention Among Intensive Care Nurses
Conclusions: An alarming percentage of nurses were victims of bullying. Levels of bullying were low to moderate. Level of prevention was weak or moderate. The higher the level of bullying, the lower the level of prevention. The work environment as opposed to individual characteristics seems to have an impact on bullying and its prevention. Clinical Relevance: More measures must be taken to prevent bullying. Nurses must be educated to accept only a zero tolerance to bullying and to report bullying when confronted by bullying. (Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship)
Source: Journal of Nursing Scholarship - October 7, 2015 Category: Nursing Authors: Freda DeKeyser Ganz, Hadassa Levy, Rabia Khalaila, Dana Arad, Kochav Bennaroch, Orly Kolpak, Yardena Drori, Julie Benbinishty, Ofra Raanan Tags: Original Manuscript Source Type: research