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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 12.

Adolescents and adults perceptions of 'natural, 'organic and 'additive-free cigarettes, and the required disclaimers
Conclusions Disclaimers intended to prevent consumers from attributing a health benefit to cigarettes labelled as ‘natural’, ‘additive-free’, or ‘organic’ may be insufficient. A ban on these descriptors may be a more appropriate remedy than disclaimers. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Byron, M. J., Baig, S. A., Moracco, K. E., Brewer, N. T. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Tobacco industry interference with tobacco control policies in Poland: legal aspects and industry practices
Conclusions From an object of regulation, the tobacco industry in Poland became a partner with the government in legislative work. Implementation of provisions of Article 5.3 of the WHO FCTC could prevent further industry interference. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Balwicki, Łukasz, Stokłosa, M., Balwicka-Szczyrba, M., Tomczak, W. Tags: Open access Research paper Source Type: research

A closer look at 'Cheap White cigarettes
Conclusions We confirmed that many Cheap White brands do not comply with the legal requirements in countries where they are sold, but also found that some of these cigarettes appear to be sold legally even outside their country of origin. The presence of untaxed Cheap Whites undermines tobacco tax policies, while the availability of legal cheap cigarettes is a public health concern. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ross, H., Vellios, N., Clegg Smith, K., Ferguson, J., Cohen, J. E. Tags: Open access Research paper Source Type: research

Economic burden from smoking-related diseases in Thailand
Conclusions The total economic loss from smoking-related diseases highlights the significant loss to the society, health sector and the country's economy. Such information is crucial for informing national public health policy, particularly when a conflict arises between the economy and health. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Bundhamcharoen, K., Aungkulanon, S., Makka, N., Shibuya, K. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Effect of price changes in little cigars and cigarettes on little cigar sales: USA, Q4 2011-Q4 2013
Conclusions Our results suggest that US cigarette smokers are avoiding the high cost of cigarettes by switching to lower priced little cigars. Increasing and equalising prices among comparable products, like cigarettes and little cigars, may motivate cost-conscious smokers to quit. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gammon, D. G., Loomis, B. R., Dench, D. L., King, B. A., Fulmer, E. B., Rogers, T. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The Lighter Side
(Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Miscellaneous Source Type: research

The devil is in the detail: tobacco industry political influence in the Dutch implementation of the 2001 EU Tobacco Products Directive
Conclusions The findings highlight the policy risks associated with corporate actors’ ability to use interactions over technical product specifications to influence the implementation of health policy and illustrate the difficulties in limiting industry interference in accordance with Article 5.3 of the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC). The implementation phase is particularly vulnerable to industry influence, where negotiation with industry actors may be unavoidable and the practical implications of relatively technical considerations are not always apparent to policymakers. During the implementation o...
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Lie, J. L. Y., Willemsen, M. C., de Vries, N. K., Fooks, G. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The impact of cigarette smoking on life expectancy between 1980 and 2010: a global perspective
Conclusions Recent trends indicate a substantial rise in the population-level impact of tobacco smoking on life expectancy in women and in middle-income countries. High-quality local data are needed in most low-income countries. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Renteria, E., Jha, P., Forman, D., Soerjomataram, I. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The impact of tobacco expenditures on spending within Turkish households
Conclusions In Turkey, households including at least one smoker spend nearly 8% of their monthly budget on tobacco, with a converse reduction in spending on food and utilities. While tobacco control policies (eg, increasing taxes on tobacco products and extending smoking bans) have decreased tobacco consumption, these policies have had limited impact on the spending patterns of smoking households. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: San, S., Chaloupka, F. J. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Smokers in Brazil: who are they?
Conclusions In Brazil, quitting rate is increasing, thus suggesting that tobacco control interventions implemented in Brazil in the past years seem to be effectively reaching the smoking population. This is strong evidence against the ‘hardening hypothesis’, which posits that remaining smokers decrease their willingness and ability to quit. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Szklo, A. S., de Souza, M. C., Szklo, M., de Almeida, L. M. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

The influence of menthol, e-cigarettes and other tobacco products on young adults self-reported changes in past year smoking
Conclusions Young adulthood is a critical period for smoking interventions, particularly among those most vulnerable to increasing smoking behaviours (ie, black and younger young adults). Policy efforts to restrict menthol cigarettes may reduce young adult smoking progression. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Delnevo, C. D., Villanti, A. C., Wackowski, O. A., Gundersen, D. A., Giovenco, D. P. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Tobacco companies efforts to undermine ingredient disclosure: the Massachusetts benchmark study
Conclusions Despite promises to provide data that would allow regulators to predict constituent data for all brands on the market, the final MBS results offered no useful predictive information to inform regulators, the scientific community or consumers. When implementing FCTC Articles 9 and 10, regulatory agencies should demand detailed by-brand information on tobacco product constituents and toxin deliveries to users. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Velicer, C., Aguinaga-Bialous, S., Glantz, S. Tags: Research paper Source Type: research

Over-the-counter sales of out-of-state and counterfeit tax stamp cigarettes in New York City
Conclusions Enhanced enforcement of retail sales of cigarettes is needed to ensure the full benefit of existing tobacco control laws in NYC. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Silver, D., Giorgio, M. M., Bae, J. Y., Jimenez, G., Macinko, J. Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

Tobacco imagery in video games: ratings and gamer recall
Conclusions Gamers are exposed to tobacco imagery in many video games. The ESRB is not a reliable source for determining whether video games contain tobacco imagery. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Forsyth, S. R., Malone, R. E. Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

Time trend of smoking scenes in Iranian movies during the past three decades (1982-2011): a historical analysis
Conclusions The significant increase in the proportion of movies depicting tobacco consumption and in the duration of smoking depictions over the past 30 years underscores the need for increased regulation of the Iranian film industry to minimise this important source of influence on tobacco initiation in young people. (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Heydari, G., Ebn Ahmady, A., Lando, H. A., Chamyani, F., Masjedi, M. R., Shadmehr, M. B., Fadaizadeh, L., Chaibakhsh, S. Tags: Brief report Source Type: research

The tobacco endgame: a qualitative review and synthesis
The tobacco endgame concept reorients discussion away from the persistent control of tobacco toward plans for ending the tobacco epidemic, and envisions a tobacco-free future. A variety of policy approaches have been proposed, with many offered prior to the introduction of the unifying term ‘endgame’. We conducted a qualitative synthesis of the literature on tobacco control endgames, and drew on media accounts and discussion of analogous ideas for illustrative purposes. We identified proposals focused on the product, user, market/supply or larger institutional structures. Research on public support for these pr...
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: McDaniel, P. A., Smith, E. A., Malone, R. E. Tags: Open access Special communication Source Type: research

A cigar by any other name would taste as sweet
We examined trends in flavoured cigar sales between 2008 and 2014 with Nielsen's Convenience Track System data, using previously described methods.1 We coded flavours into key categories, including: fruit, sweet/candy, wine, liquor, clove, menthol and ‘other.’ figure 1 depicts flavoured market... (Source: Tobacco Control)
Source: Tobacco Control - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Viola, A. S., Giovenco, D. P., Miller Lo, E. J., Delnevo, C. D. Tags: Research letter Source Type: research

Mucosal immunity and upper respiratory tract infections during a 24-week competitive season in young ice hockey players
. (Source: Journal of Sports Sciences)
Source: Journal of Sports Sciences - August 19, 2016 Category: Sports Medicine Authors: Joanna Orysiak Konrad Witek Agnieszka Zembron-Lacny Barbara Morawin Jadwiga Malczewska-Lenczowska Dariusz Sitkowski Source Type: research

Obesity-induced oocyte mitochondrial defects are partially prevented and rescued by supplementation with co-enzyme Q10 in a mouse model
This study is not a clinical trial. (Source: Human Reproduction)
Source: Human Reproduction - August 19, 2016 Category: Reproduction Medicine Authors: Boots, C. E., Boudoures, A., Zhang, W., Drury, A., Moley, K. H. Tags: Reproductive biology Source Type: research

Quantitative structure –activity relationships of dihydrofolatereductase inhibitors
AbstractPneumocystis carinii is a nonpathogenic fungus found in respiratory tract of healthy humans. It is a major cause of death in AIDS patients.P. carinii dihydrofolatereductase inhibitors such as trimetrexate are currently used to treatP. carinii pneumonia. These drugs have several adverse side effects and, therefore, there is a critical need for the identification of novel dihydrofolatereductase inhibitors. In this work, quantitative structure – activity relationship models were derived for 395 stucturally diverseP. carinii dihydrofolatereductase inhibitors. A wide variety of molecular descriptors belonging to vario...
Source: Medicinal Chemistry Research - August 19, 2016 Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

Ultrasound-Guided Abrams Pleural Biopsy vs CT-Guided Tru-Cut Pleural Biopsy in Malignant Pleural Disease, a 3-Year Follow-up Study
ConclusionsImage-guided Abrams biopsies demonstrate comparable diagnostic sensitivity in malignant pleural disease to CT-guided Tru-Cut biopsy. (Source: Lung)
Source: Lung - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Synchronized mechanical ventilation for respiratory support in newborn infants.
CONCLUSIONS: Compared to conventional ventilation, benefit is demonstrated for both HFPPV and triggered ventilation with regard to a reduction in air leak and a shorter duration of ventilation, respectively. In none of the trials was complex respiratory monitoring undertaken and thus it is not possible to conclude that the mechanism of producing those benefits is by provocation of synchronised ventilation. Triggered ventilation in the form of SIMV ± PS resulted in a greater risk of BPD and duration of ventilation compared to HFO. Optimisation of trigger and ventilator design with respect to respiratory diagnosis is encour...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - August 19, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Greenough A, Murthy V, Milner AD, Rossor TE, Sundaresan A Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research

There is blood in the water: Hemolysis, hemoglobin, and heme in acute lung injury.
Abstract The major role of red blood cells (RBC) is to deliver oxygen and remove carbon dioxide within organisms through the unique properties of hemoglobin. Although beneficial within RBCs, hemoglobin and its breakdown products (heme, iron) have been found to induce pro-inflammatory responses affecting various cellular responses. Although these effects are considered to be prominent in disorders with increased hemolysis, recent evidence suggests that this process may be active in non-hemolytic disorders such as acute lung injury/ARDS. This perspectives article focuses on data related to red cell products in non-h...
Source: Am J Physiol Lung Ce... - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Gaggar A, Patel RP Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research

B Cells in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Moving to Center Stage.
Abstract Chronic inflammatory responses in the lungs contribute to the development and progression of COPD. Although research studies focused initially on the contributions of the innate immune system to the pathogenesis of COPD, more recent studies have implicated adaptive immune responses in COPD. In particular, studies have demonstrated increases in B cell counts and increases in the number and size of B cell-rich lymphoid follicles in COPD lungs that correlate directly with COPD severity. There are also increases in lung levels of mediators that promote B cell maturation, activation, and survival in COPD patie...
Source: Am J Physiol Lung Ce... - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Polverino F, Seys LJ, Bracke KR, Owen CA Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research

Pathophysiologic evaluation of the transgenic cftr "gut-corrected" porcine model of cystic fibrosis.
This study evaluated the pulmonary pathophysiology of the transgenic CFTR "gut-corrected" cystic fibrosis (CF) pigs. Four sows produced 18 piglets of which 11 were stillborn with only 2 animals surviving beyond 2 weeks. Failure to survive beyond the neonatal period by 5 piglets was judged to result from metabolic dysfunction related to genetic manipulation for CFTR gut expression or due to cloning artifact. Plasma analysis showed very low plasma proteins, highly elevated liver enzymes, and severe acidosis. All surviving offspring received furosemide for systemic edema. Physiologic evaluation was performed with lung tissues...
Source: Am J Physiol Lung Ce... - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ballard ST, Evans JW, Drag HS, Schuler M Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research

Tetrahydrobiopterin oral therapy recouples eNOS and ameliorates chronic hypoxia-induced pulmonary hypertension in newborn pigs.
Abstract We previously showed that newborn piglets who develop pulmonary hypertension during exposure to chronic hypoxia have diminished pulmonary vascular NO production and evidence of eNOS uncoupling. Tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) is a co-factor that promotes eNOS coupling. Current clinical strategies typically invoke initiating treatment after the diagnosis of pulmonary hypertension, rather than prophylactically. The major purpose of this study was to determine whether starting treatment with an oral BH4 compound, Sapropterin Dihydrochloride (Sapropterin), after the onset of pulmonary hypertension would re-couple e...
Source: Am J Physiol Lung Ce... - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Dikalova AE, Aschner JL, Kaplowitz MR, Summar M, Fike CD Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research

2-aminoethyldiphenylborinate modifies the pulmonary circulation in pulmonary hypertensive newborn lambs with partial gestation at high altitude.
2-AMINOETHYLDIPHENYLBORINATE MODIFIES THE PULMONARY CIRCULATION IN PULMONARY HYPERTENSIVE NEWBORN LAMBS WITH PARTIAL GESTATION AT HIGH ALTITUDE. Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol. 2016 Aug 19;:ajplung.00230.2016 Authors: Castillo-Galán S, Quezada S, Moraga FA, Ebensperger G, Herrera EA, Beñaldo F, Hernandez I, Ebensperger R, Ramirez S, Llanos AJ, Reyes RV Abstract Calcium signaling through store operated channels (SOC) is involved in hypoxic pulmonary hypertension. We determined whether a treatment with 2-aminoethyldiphenylborinate (2-APB), a compound with SOC blocker activity, reduces pulmonary hy...
Source: Am J Physiol Lung Ce... - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Castillo-Galán S, Quezada S, Moraga FA, Ebensperger G, Herrera EA, Beñaldo F, Hernandez I, Ebensperger R, Ramirez S, Llanos AJ, Reyes RV Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research

Interstitial pneumonia induced by bleomycin treatment is exacerbated in Angptl2-deficient mice.
Abstract Angiopoietin-like protein 2 (ANGPTL2) is a chronic inflammatory mediator, which when deregulated is associated with various pathologies. However, little is known about its activity in lung. To assess a possible lung function, we generated a rabbit monoclonal antibody that specifically recognizes mouse ANGPTL2 and then evaluated protein expression in mouse lung tissue. We observed abundant ANGPTL2 expression in both alveolar epithelial type I and type II cells and in resident alveolar macrophages under normal conditions. To assess ANGPTL2 function, we compared lung phenotypes in Angptl2 knockout (KO) and w...
Source: Am J Physiol Lung Ce... - August 19, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Motokawa I, Endo M, Terada K, Horiguchi H, Miyata K, Kadomatsu T, Morinaga J, Sugizaki T, Ito T, Araki K, Morioka MS, Manabe I, Samukawa T, Watanabe M, Inoue H, Oike Y Tags: Am J Physiol Lung Cell Mol Physiol Source Type: research

A Protonated Water Cluster as a Transient Proton-Loading Site in Cytochrome  c Oxidase.
A Protonated Water Cluster as a Transient Proton-Loading Site in Cytochrome c Oxidase. Angew Chem Int Ed Engl. 2016 Aug 19; Authors: Supekar S, Gamiz-Hernandez AP, Kaila VR Abstract Cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) is a redox-driven proton pump that powers aerobic respiratory chains. We show here by multi-scale molecular simulations that a protonated water cluster near the active site is likely to serve as the transient proton-loading site (PLS) that stores a proton during the pumping process. The pKa of this water cluster is sensitive to the redox states of the enzyme, showing distinct similarities to ...
Source: Angewandte Chemie - August 19, 2016 Category: Chemistry Authors: Supekar S, Gamiz-Hernandez AP, Kaila VR Tags: Angew Chem Int Ed Engl Source Type: research

Allofrancisella inopinata gen. nov., sp. nov. and Allofrancisella frigidaquae sp. nov., isolated from water-cooling systems and transfer of Francisella guangzhouensis Qu et al. 2013 to the new genus as Allofrancisella guangzhouensis comb. nov.
Abstract Five bacterial strains isolated from water reservoirs of cooling systems were characterized using polyphasic taxonomic approaches. The isolates were observed to be Gram-negative, strictly aerobic and non-motile. Growth was enhanced in the presence of L-cysteine. The major fatty acids (>5 %) for strains were C10:0, C16:0, C16:0 3-OH, C18:0 3-OH and C18:1 9c. Ubiquinone-8 was detected as the respiratory quinone while the polar lipid profile consisted of phosphatidylethanolamine, diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylcholine, three unidentified phospholipids, two unidentified aminophos...
Source: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology - August 19, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Qu PH, Li Y, Salam N, Chen SY, Liu L, Gu Q, Fang BZ, Xiao M, Li M, Chen C, Li WJ Tags: Int J Syst Evol Microbiol Source Type: research

Characterization and Evaluation of Newly Developed Immune-Chromatographic Method Targeting Mycoplasma pneumoniae Ribosomal Protein L7/L12.
Abstract Point-of-care testing (POCT) for Mycoplasma pneumoniae infection may be ideal and useful, because significant numbers of the cases will be seen as an outpatient. Recently, a new immune-chromatographic method (ICM) targeting M. pneumoniae ribosomal protein L7/L12 (RP-L7/L12) became available in Japan, although clinical data and basic information regarding efficacy and characterization of this ICM are limited. The present study examined the fate of M. pneumoniae ribosomal protein L7/L12 (RP-L7/L12) during the growth in-vitro and correlation between M. pneumoniae number in clinical samples and positivity in ...
Source: Journal of Medical Microbiology - August 19, 2016 Category: Microbiology Authors: Sano G, Itagaki T, Ishiwada N, Matsubara K, Iwata S, Nakamori Y, Matsuyama K, Watanabe K, Ishii Y, Homma S, Tateda K Tags: J Med Microbiol Source Type: research

Aging: a portrait from gene expression profile in blood cells.
We report here a microarray analysis of whole blood samples from two cohorts of healthy adult and elderly subjects, aged 43±3 and 68±4 years, respectively, to monitor gene expression changes in the initial phase of the senescence process. A number of significant changes were found in the elderly compared to the adult group, including decreased levels of transcripts coding for components of the mitochondrial respiratory chain, which correlate with a parallel decline in the maximum rate of oxygen consumption (VO2max), as monitored in the same subjects. In addition, blood cells show age-related changes in the expression of ...
Source: Aging - August 19, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Calabria E, Mazza EM, Dyar KA, Pogliaghi S, Bruseghini P, Morandi C, Salvagno GL, Gelati M, Guidi GC, Bicciato S, Schiaffino S, Schena F, Capelli C Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research

H2S production by reactive oxygen species in the carotid body triggers hypertension in a rodent model of sleep apnea.
Abstract Sleep apnea is a prevalent respiratory disease in which episodic cessation of breathing causes intermittent hypoxia. Patients with sleep apnea and rodents exposed to intermittent hypoxia exhibit hypertension. The carotid body senses changes in blood O2 concentrations, and an enhanced carotid body chemosensory reflex contributes to hypertension in sleep apnea patients. A rodent model of intermittent hypoxia that mimics blood O2 saturation profiles of patients with sleep apnea has shown that increased generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in the carotid body enhances the chemosensory reflex and trigge...
Source: Science Signaling - August 18, 2016 Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Yuan G, Peng YJ, Khan SA, Nanduri J, Singh A, Vasavda C, Semenza GL, Kumar GK, Snyder SH, Prabhakar NR Tags: Sci Signal Source Type: research

Equipoise is necessary for randomising patients to clinical trials
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - August 18, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Gorm Greisen, Frank Bel Tags: A Different View Source Type: research

Respiratory Viral Infections and Coinfections in Children With Cancer, Fever and Neutropenia: Clinical Outcome of Infections Caused by Different Respiratory Viruses
Conclusions: To our knowledge, this is the largest report comparing clinical outcome in FN episodes caused by different RVs in children with cancer. A positive polymerase chain reaction for RV at admission was significantly associated with the presence of respiratory symptoms. Our data showed a favorable outcome in all episodes with RV detection, including single and viral coinfections. (Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal)
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - August 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research

Ten-Year Study of the Stringently Defined Otitis-prone Child in Rochester, NY
This review summarizes a prospective, longitudinal 10-year study in Rochester, NY, with virtually every clinically diagnosed acute otitis media (AOM) confirmed by bacterial culture of middle ear fluid. Children experiencing 3 episodes within 6 months or 4 episodes in 12 months were considered stringently defined otitis prone (sOP). We found stringent diagnosis compared with clinical diagnosis reduced the frequency of children meeting the OP definition from 27% to 6% resulting in 14.8% and 2.4% receiving tympanostomy tubes, respectively. Significantly more often respiratory syncytial virus infection led to AOM in sOP than n...
Source: The Pediatric Infectious Disease Journal - August 18, 2016 Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Review Articles Source Type: research

Inflammatory and oxidative stress airway markers in premature newborns of hypertensive mothers.
In conclusion, the biomarkers evaluated were not increased in premature infants of hypertensive mothers and were not predictors of BPD/death. PMID: 27533763 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher] (Source: Braz J Med Biol Res)
Source: Braz J Med Biol Res - August 18, 2016 Category: Research Authors: Madoglio RJ, Rugolo LM, Kurokawa CS, Sá MP, Lyra JC, Antunes LC Tags: Braz J Med Biol Res Source Type: research

Ontogeny and microanatomy of the nasal turbinals in lemuriformes
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: The Anatomical Record Part B: The New Anatomist)
Source: The Anatomical Record Part B: The New Anatomist - August 18, 2016 Category: Anatomy Authors: Timothy D. Smith, Molly C. Martell, James B. Rossie, Christopher J. Bonar, Valerie B. DeLeon Tags: Full Length Article Source Type: research

Speckle tracking as a method to measure hemidiaphragm excursion
This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Muscle and Nerve)
Source: Muscle and Nerve - August 18, 2016 Category: Internal Medicine Authors: Stephen A. Goutman, James D. Hamilton, Blake Swihart, Bradley Foerster, Eva L. Feldman, Jonathan M. Rubin Tags: Short Reports Source Type: research

Efficacy of a new technique – INtubate-RECruit-SURfactant-Extubate – “IN-REC-SUR-E” – in preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome: study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Although beneficial in clinical practice, the INtubate-SURfactant-Extubate (IN-SUR-E) method is not successful in all preterm neonates with respiratory distress syndrome, with a reported failure rate ranging f... (Source: Trials)
Source: Trials - August 18, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Giovanni Vento, Roberta Pastorino, Luca Boni, Francesco Cota, Virgilio Carnielli, Filip Cools, Carlo Dani, Fabio Mosca, Jane Pillow, Graeme Polglase, Paolo Tagliabue, Anton H. van Kaam, Maria Luisa Ventura, Milena Tana, Chiara Tirone, Claudia Aurilia & he Source Type: research

Aspergillus nodules; another presentation of Chronic Pulmonary Aspergillosis
This study aims to review the radiology, presentation, and histological features of lung nodules caused by Aspergillus spp. (Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine)
Source: BMC Pulmonary Medicine - August 18, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Eavan G. Muldoon, Anna Sharman, Iain Page, Paul Bishop and David W. Denning Source Type: research

Immediate effects of cigar smoking on respiratory mechanics and exhaled biomarkers; differences between young smokers with mild asthma and otherwise healthy young smokers
We aimed to investigate the immediate respiratory effects of cigar smoking(CS), among young smokers with and without mild asthma. (Source: Tobacco Induced Diseases)
Source: Tobacco Induced Diseases - August 18, 2016 Category: Global & Universal Authors: Andreas S. Lappas, Efstathia M. Konstantinidi, Anna S. Tzortzi, Chara K. Tzavara and Panagiotis K. Behrakis Source Type: research

Agent kills pain like morphine but loses some side effects
Researchers find molecule that turns on opioid pain-relief pathway but skips one associated with constipation and respiratory distress (Source: Chemical and Engineering News)
Source: Chemical and Engineering News - August 18, 2016 Category: Chemistry Authors: Stu Borman Source Type: research

Smoking and New-Onset Asthma in a Prospective Study on Italian Adults
Conclusions: In this prospective study, current smoking was not a risk factor for new-onset asthma, unless new-onset wheezing was also considered. The increase in asthma incidence among ex-smokers was likely due to reverse causation.Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2016;170:149-157 (Source: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology)
Source: International Archives of Allergy and Immunology - August 18, 2016 Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research

Heart Rate and Respiratory Rate Influence on Heart Rate Variability Repeatability: Effects of the Correction for the Prevailing Heart Rate
Jakub S. G ąsior, Jerzy Sacha, Piotr J. Jeleń, Jakub Zieliński, Jacek Przybylski (Source: Frontiers in Physiology)
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - August 18, 2016 Category: Physiology Source Type: research

Identifying pre-hospital factors which influence outcome for major trauma patients in a regional trauma network: an exploratory study
Conclusion These findings validate GCS, BP and Respiratory Rate values as valid triggers for transport to a Major Trauma Centre. Analysis of the interactions between arrival time, time-on-scene, skill mix and age demand further exploration but tentatively validate the concept of a ‘Golden Hour’ and suggest the potential value of a ‘load and go and play on the way’ approach. (Source: Emergency Medicine Journal)
Source: Emergency Medicine Journal - August 18, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Thompson, L., Hill, M., Davies, C., Shaw, G. Tags: Poster Presentations Source Type: research

Point-of-care lung ultrasound in young children with respiratory tract infections and wheeze
Conclusions Among children with respiratory tract infections and wheeze, a positive LUS seems to distinguish between clinical syndromes by ruling in pneumonia and ruling out asthma. If confirmed in future studies, LUS may emerge as a point-of-care tool to guide diagnosis and disposition in young children with wheeze. (Source: Emergency Medicine Journal)
Source: Emergency Medicine Journal - August 18, 2016 Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Varshney, T., Mok, E., Shapiro, A. J., Li, P., Dubrovsky, A. S. Tags: Bronchiolitis, Pneumonia (infectious disease), TB and other respiratory infections, Child health, Radiology, Asthma, Bronchitis, Pneumonia (respiratory medicine), Clinical diagnostic tests, Radiology (diagnostics) Original article Source Type: research

Uncoupling Protein 2 Deficiency Results in Higher Neutrophil Counts and Lower B Cell Counts During Ageing in Mice
Progress of age-related haematopoietic diseases as myelodysplastic syndrome has previously been linked to enhanced levels of reactive oxygen species (ROS). Uncoupling protein 2 (UCP2) was shown to reduce mitochondrial ROS production by uncoupling of the respiratory chain. The impact of UCP2 loss and elevated ROS on haematopoiesis during ageing has not yet been investigated. Herein, UCP2 knockout mice were analyzed at ageing stages of 3, 12 and 24 months in regard to oxidative and energy status of bone marrow cells. (Source: Experimental Hematology)
Source: Experimental Hematology - August 18, 2016 Category: Hematology Authors: Christin Kretzschmar, Catrin Roolf, Katrin Timmer, Anett Sekora, Gudrun Kn übel, Hugo Murua Escobar, Robert Jaster, Sarah Müller, Georg Fuellen, Rüdiger Köhling, Christian Junghanss Source Type: research

Down's syndrome as a risk factor for severe lower respiratory tract infection due to RSV
ConclusionChildren with Down's syndrome hospitalized due to RSV LRTI, have a longer hospital stay and worse clinical course than children without. Our findings support the need of RSV prevention in children with Down's syndrome, especially in children younger than one year.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. (Source: Acta Paediatrica)
Source: Acta Paediatrica - August 18, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Constanza Galleguillos, B árbara Galleguillos, Guillermo Larios, Gonzalo Menchaca, Louis Bont, Jose A. Castro‐Rodriguez Tags: Regular Article Source Type: research