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This page shows you the most recent publications within this specialty of the MedWorm directory. This is page number 3.

Unusual ileus due to calcium polystyrene sulfonate
A 62-year-old man with a history of coronary artery disease, hypertension and diabetes mellitus was admitted to a respiratory care unit for chronic respiratory failure after an episode of life-threatening myocardial infarction. The hospital course was complicated with presumed intra-abdominal infection with the presentation of fever, abdominal pain and muscle guarding. An emergent non-contrast CT of the abdomen and pelvis showed much faecal material with high density in the small and large intestines (figure 1, arrows) and resultant bowel loop dilation, compatible with ileus (figure 2, lung window, arrows). The cause of th...
Source: Postgraduate Medical Journal - August 24, 2016 Category: Journals (General) Authors: Keng, L.-T., Tsou, P.-H. Tags: Drugs: gastrointestinal system, Journalology, Stomach and duodenum, Drugs: infectious diseases, Drugs: cardiovascular system, Pain (neurology), Hypertension, Ischaemic heart disease, Radiology, Clinical diagnostic tests, Radiology (diagnostics), Ethics, D Source Type: research

Comparison of breastfeeding rates and health outcomes for infants receiving care from hospital outpatient clinic and community health centres in China
Utilization of community health centres for child health care instead of hospital outpatient clinics is being promoted in China. To evaluate breastfeeding rates and health outcomes of infants who received health care from hospital outpatient clinic or community health centre, a prospective cohort study with six months follow-up was undertaken in Chengdu, China. Participants were 845 mothers and their infants, 417 receiving care from one hospital and 428 from five community health centres. The ‘any breastfeeding’ rates at one and three months post-partum were significantly lower (p < 0.01) in the hospital out...
Source: Journal of Child Health Care - August 24, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Yu, C., Binns, C. W., Lee, A. H. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Clinical indicators of ineffective airway clearance in children with acute respiratory infection
In conclusion, adventitious breath sounds showed the best predictive ability to diagnose IAC in children with respiratory acute infection. (Source: Journal of Child Health Care)
Source: Journal of Child Health Care - August 24, 2016 Category: Pediatrics Authors: Pascoal, L. M., Lopes, M. V. d. O., da Silva, V. M., Beltrao, B. A., Chaves, D. B. R., Herdman, T. H., Lira, A. L. B. d. C., Teixeira, I. X., Costa, A. G. d. S. Tags: Articles Source Type: research

Inhibition of IL ‐13‐induced periostin in airway epithelium attenuates cellular protein expression of MUC5AC
ConclusionPeriostin production in differentiated airway cells is mediated by JAK/STAT6 and MEK/ERK pathways. Periostin secretion is much greater from immunologically active goblet cells. IL‐13‐driven mucin production is partially inhibited by OC‐20. (Source: Respirology)
Source: Respirology - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Isao Suzaki, Shuichi Kawano, Kosaku Komiya, Tsuyoshi Tanabe, Tomohiro Akaba, Kazuhito Asano, Harumi Suzaki, Kenji Izuhara, Bruce K. Rubin Tags: Original Article Source Type: research

Recurrent spontaneous pneumothoraces and bullous emphysema. A novel mutation causing Birt-Hogg-Dube syndrome
This article describes a case of spontaneous pneumothorax secondary to bullous emphysema in an otherwise healthy gentleman caused by a novel mutation in the folliculin (FLCN) gene. (Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports)
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Sleep bruxism associated with obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome – A pilot study using a new portable device
Publication date: Available online 24 August 2016 Source:Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia (English Edition) Author(s): M. Winck, M. Drummond, P. Viana, J.C. Pinho, J.C. Winck Sleep bruxism (SB) and obstructive sleep apnoea syndrome (OSAS) share common pathophysiologic pathways. We aimed to study the presence and relationship of SB in a OSAS population. Patients referred with OSAS suspicion and concomitant SB complains were evaluated using a specific questionnaire, orofacial evaluation and cardio-respiratory polygraphy that could also monitor audio and EMG of the masseter muscles. From 11 patients studied 9 had OSAS. 55.6...
Source: Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Citizens' juries: the public verdict on antibiotic resistance
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Talha Burki (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

FDA approves first generic version of Tamiflu
Publication date: Available online 23 August 2016 Source:The Lancet Respiratory Medicine Author(s): Patricia Lobo (Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine)
Source: The Lancet Respiratory Medicine - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research

Nicotine dependence among workers: Is it a time for smoke-free workplaces!
Neeraj GuptaLung India 2016 33(5):477-478 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Neeraj Gupta Source Type: research

Prediction equations for diffusing capacity (transfer factor) of lung for North Indians
Conclusion: This study has developed validated prediction equations for DLCO, VA, and DLCO/VA in North Indians. Substantial ethnic diversity exists in predictions for DLCO and VA with Caucasian equations generally yielding higher values than the Indian or Chinese equations. However, DLCO/VA predicted by the Indian equations is slightly higher than that by other equations. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sunil Kumar Chhabra Rajeev Kumar Uday A Gupta Source Type: research

Ultrasound-guided versus computed tomography-scan guided biopsy of pleural-based lung lesions
Conclusions: For pleural-based lesions the diagnostic accuracy of US guided biopsy is similar to that of CT-guided biopsy, with a lower complication rate and a significantly reduced time to the procedure. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rahul Khosla Anna W McLean Jessica A Smith Source Type: research

Who will teach the teachers: An analysis of the inhaler technique of Indian patients and health care providers in a tertiary health care centre
Conclusions: Our study highlights the need for better education of not only patients but also health care providers regarding the appropriate use of inhaler devices in order to achieve optimal control of obstructive airway diseases. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jai Bharat Mullerpattan Zarah Zarir Udwadia Sushil S Kathar Hardik D Shah Sarthak Ashok Rastogi Kamlesh V Pandey Zarir Farokh Udwadia Source Type: research

Prevalence and correlates of nicotine dependence among construction site workers: A cross-sectional study in Delhi
Discussion: The prevalence of tobacco use (91%) among construction workers is very high compared to that in the general population. Recognition of construction sites as work places and proper implementation of law is needed. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mamta Parashar Rashmi Agarwalla Praveen Mallik Shridhar Dwivedi Bilkish Patvagekar Rambha Pathak Source Type: research

Thoracoscopic evaluation of 129 cases having undiagnosed exudative pleural effusions
Conclusion: Thoracoscopy is relatively a safe and well-tolerated procedure with high diagnostic accuracy in undiagnosed pleural effusions, decreasing the need of formal diagnostic thoracotomy. Every chest physician must, therefore, consider this procedure to decrease the time lag in achieving the final diagnosis and to initiate the treatment as early as possible. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Chetan Basavaraj Patil Ramakant Dixit Rakesh Gupta Neeraj Gupta Varna Indushekar Source Type: research

Comparative study of clinico-bacterio-radiological profile and treatment outcome of smokers and nonsmokers suffering from pulmonary tuberculosis
Conclusion: Smokers during initial presentation, as well as at end of the treatment demonstrate more radiological findings, cavitary disease, and worse sputum AFB smear grading. Smokers also have a poorer treatment success rate largely due to high percentage of default rate thus suggesting noncompliance as a main confounder to treatment success. Focus needs to be made to reduce defaulters which are more common among smokers. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Deepti Rathee Piyush Arora Manoj Meena Rohit Sarin Pitambar Chakraborty Anand Jaiswal Mukesh Goyal Source Type: research

Ventilator-associated pneumonia: A persistent healthcare problem in Indian Intensive Care Units!
Conclusions: VAP continues to be a major threat to patients who are admitted for mechanical ventilation into the critical care unit, emphasizing the urgent need for infection control measures. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ashu Sara Mathai Atul Phillips Rajesh Isaac Source Type: research

Evaluation of a Mapleson D CPAP system for weaning of mechanical ventilation in pediatric patients
Conclusions: The Mapleson D CPAP system, in our opinion, is a useful and safe alternative to more complex and expensive noninvasive CPAP and BiPAP weaning from MV in infants. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Miguel Angel Palomero-Rodr í guez H é ctor Chozas de Arteaga Yolanda Laporta B á ez Jes ú s de Vicente S á nchez Pascual Sanabria Carretero Pilar S á nchez Conde Antonio P é rez Ferrer Source Type: research

Respiratory papillomas
Sayee Sundar Alagusundaramoorthy, Abhinav AgrawalLung India 2016 33(5):522-527Papillomas are known to occur in the lower respiratory tract. They are however,rare compared to their occurrence in the upper respiratory tract. These are generally exophytic tumors in the more proximal upper airways however cases with more distal location with an inverted growth pattern have also been described in the literature. These can be solitary or multiple and multifocality associated with multiple papillomas in the upper respiratory/aerodigestive tract. The four major types of respiratory papillomas are (1) Recurrent respiratory papillom...
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sayee Sundar Alagusundaramoorthy Abhinav Agrawal Source Type: research

Glued lungs: Sticky and tricky
We report a male patient who underwent bronchoscopic instillation of glue to control moderate hemoptysis which later led to the development of postobstructive pneumonia and extensive foreign body reaction in the bronchial wall and the lung distal to the glue application. He continued to have intermittent hemoptysis and underwent bronchial artery embolization. However, recurrent moderate hemoptysis eventually led to pneumonectomy, which showed severe foreign body reaction in bronchi- and post-obstructive changes in the lung parenchyma and the draining lymph nodes. This case highlights a serious complication of intrabronchia...
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Deepak Talwar Vidya Nair Arjun Khanna Vikas Dogra Source Type: research

Hemorrhagic sarcoid pleural effusion: A rare entity
We report a case of active pulmonary sarcoidosis presenting as hemorrhagic pleural effusion requiring tissue diagnosis to rule out malignancy. The rarity of the presentation prompted us to report this case. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Onkar Jha Vidya Nair Deepak Talwar Source Type: research

A fatty cough
Sayed K Ali, Hammad BhattiLung India 2016 33(5):537-539Lipoid pneumonia is a rare form of pneumonia caused by accumulation of exogenous or endogenous lipids in the pulmonary system. Symptoms can often range from being asymptomatic to presenting with chest pain, fevers and shortness of breath. High resolution CT and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) remain important in establishing the diagnosis. The treatment of lipoid pneumonia includes stopping the offending agents and providing supportive therapy. The use of anti-inflammatory agents has shown some benefit in severe cases. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Sayed K Ali Hammad Bhatti Source Type: research

Botryomycosis in a lung cavity
We report here a case of primary pulmonary botryomycosis occurring in a lung cavity, which is to the best of our knowledge first such case from India. The index case was a 62 year old female who presented to us with recurrent episodes of non-massive streaky hemoptysis with CT chest revealing 'Air Crescent' sign with a probable fungal ball in a left upper lobe cavity. Left upper pulmonary lobectomy was done and histopathology of the cavitary tissue revealed Splendore-Hoeppli phenomenon and features suggestive of Botryomycosis. Tissue culture from the cavitary specimen grew Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Botryomycosis...
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: D Vinay V Ramasubramanian Ram Gopalakrishnan Laxman G Jessani Source Type: research

Use of cryoprobe for removal of a large tracheobronchial foreign body during flexible bronchoscopy
Inderpaul Singh Sehgal, Sahajal Dhooria, Digambar Behera, Ritesh AgarwalLung India 2016 33(5):543-545Foreign body (FB) inhalation in the tracheobronchial tree is an infrequently encountered event in adults. The diagnosis is suspected in the presence of a clinical history of aspiration and the presence of respiratory symptoms. Management involves confirmation by flexible bronchoscopy, which may be both diagnostic as well as therapeutic. However, in certain situations including those with large FB, FB embedded in granulation tissue or FB with very smooth margins, rigid bronchoscopy may be superior to flexible bronchoscopy in...
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Inderpaul Singh Sehgal Sahajal Dhooria Digambar Behera Ritesh Agarwal Source Type: research

Diffuse parenchymal lung disease in a case of chronic arsenic exposure
Somnath Bhattacharya, Atin Dey, Sayantan Saha, Saurav KarLung India 2016 33(5):546-549A 42-year-old housewife, the resident of rural part of West Bengal, presented with gradually progressive exertional dyspnea associated with a dry cough for last 3 years clinical features were suggestive of diffuse parenchymal lung disease (DPLD). Her chest X-ray posteroanterior view and high resolution computed tomography scan of the thorax showed bilateral patchy ground glass opacities and reticulonodular pattern. Search for the etiology revealed classical skin findings of chronic arsenic exposure in the form of generalized darkening and...
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Somnath Bhattacharya Atin Dey Sayantan Saha Saurav Kar Source Type: research

Aspergillus pseudomembranous tracheobronchitis in an immunocompetent individual: A diagnostic conundrum with therapeutic challenge
Balan Louis Gaspar, Ritesh Agarwal, Kirti Gupta, MR ShivaprakashLung India 2016 33(5):550-552Aspergillus tracheobronchitis is an extremely uncommon manifestation of Aspergillus infection. Most of the cases described in the literature are in the immunosuppressed individuals and is almost uniformly fatal. Immunocompetent individuals do manifest the disease, but the disease if diagnosed early can be appropriately treated and thus can be life-saving. Here, we describe a similar case which was diagnosed only at autopsy. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Balan Louis Gaspar Ritesh Agarwal Kirti Gupta MR Shivaprakash Source Type: research

Unilateral right pulmonary artery agenesis and congenital cystic adenomatoid malformation of the right lung with Ortner ' s syndrome
We report a 2.5-year-old girl who presented with hoarseness of voice since 3 months of age and failure to thrive. Chest X-ray showed cardiomegaly with a deviation of the trachea and mediastinum to the right side. Two-dimensional echocardiography showed decreased flow across the right pulmonary artery, a small atrial septal defect (ASD) with a right-to-left shunt, and a dilated right atrium and right ventricle with severe tricuspid regurgitation suggestive of severe pulmonary hypertension. A silent large patent ductus arteriosus was also seen. Multiple detector computerized tomography aortogram confirmed the findings of abs...
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Jane Jackie David Smilu Mohanlal Punam Sankhe Radha Ghildiyal Source Type: research

Decision changing in the operating room: The importance of the surgeon ' s certainty and a well prepared team
Filipe Moreira de Andrade, Bruno dos Santos FarnetanoLung India 2016 33(5):556-557 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Filipe Moreira de Andrade Bruno dos Santos Farnetano Source Type: research

Dual diaphragmatic anomalies
Arjun Padmanabhan, Abin Varghese ThomasLung India 2016 33(5):558-559Although diaphragmatic anomalies such as an eventration and hiatus hernia are commonly encountered in incidental chest X-ray imaging, the presence of concomitant multiple anomalies is extremely rare. This is all the more true in adults. Herein, we present the case of a 75-year-old female, while undergoing a routine chest X-ray imaging, was found to have eventration of right hemidiaphragm along with a hiatus hernia as well. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Arjun Padmanabhan Abin Varghese Thomas Source Type: research

An unusual cause for cyanosis
Barney Thomas Jesudason Isaac, Rossella Barbagallo, Johnson Thamarathu SamuelLung India 2016 33(5):560-561 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Barney Thomas Jesudason Isaac Rossella Barbagallo Johnson Thamarathu Samuel Source Type: research

Cannon ball appearance on radiology in a middle-aged diabetic female
We report here a case of middle year female with diabetes mellitus presented with atypical symptoms with cannon ball appearance on radiology and found to be of tuberculosis in origin. Thus any patients with immunocompromised condition can present with atypical manifestation of tuberculosis either clinically or radiologicaly in high endemic countries for tuberculosis. (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ravish Kshatriya Viral Patel Sanjay Chaudhari Purvesh Patel Dhaval Prajapati Nimit Khara Rajiv Paliwal Sateesh Patel Source Type: research

Extramedullary hematopoiesis presenting as an asymptomatic posterior mediastinal mass: An unusual presentation
Rajendra Takhar, Motilal Bunkar, Vinod Jangid, Anil SaxenaLung India 2016 33(5):569-570 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rajendra Takhar Motilal Bunkar Vinod Jangid Anil Saxena Source Type: research

Isolated unilateral pulmonary vein atresia
Ramakrishna Narayanan, Balasubramanyam Shankar, Samir ParuthikunnanLung India 2016 33(5):571-572 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ramakrishna Narayanan Balasubramanyam Shankar Samir Paruthikunnan Source Type: research

A case of disseminated bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma masquerading as nonresolving pneumonia
Pallavi Periwal, Arjun Khanna, Charul Dabral, Deepak TalwarLung India 2016 33(5):573-574 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Pallavi Periwal Arjun Khanna Charul Dabral Deepak Talwar Source Type: research

Is obstructive sleep apnea more common in adults with arrhythmias ?
Vishisht Mehta, Anurati Mehta, Yash Lokhandwala, Sanjeev MehtaLung India 2016 33(5):575-576 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Vishisht Mehta Anurati Mehta Yash Lokhandwala Sanjeev Mehta Source Type: research

A long-standing endobronchial non-Hodgkin ' s lymphoma: Designed to be cured
Rashmi Upadhyay, Rajiv Garg, RAS Kushwah, Madhumati GoelLung India 2016 33(5):577-578 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Rashmi Upadhyay Rajiv Garg RAS Kushwah Madhumati Goel Source Type: research

Body mass index, airflow obstruction, dyspnea, and exercise index is not modified after 6 months therapy with roflumilast in a cohort of patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Silvano Dragonieri, Vitaliano N Quaranta, Pierluigi Carratu, Donato Lacedonia, Giovanna Elisiana Carpagnano, Annamaria Milano, Giuseppina D'Alba, Teresa Ranieri, Maria Pia Foschino Barbaro, Onofrio RestaLung India 2016 33(5):579-580 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Silvano Dragonieri Vitaliano N Quaranta Pierluigi Carratu Donato Lacedonia Giovanna Elisiana Carpagnano Annamaria Milano Giuseppina D ' Alba Teresa Ranieri Maria Pia Foschino Barbaro Onofrio Resta Source Type: research

Bronchoalveolar lavage and high-resolution computed tomography in interstitial lung disease
Madhu Sudan Barthwal, Mahavir S Bagrecha, Arpan A DhokaLung India 2016 33(5):580-581 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Madhu Sudan Barthwal Mahavir S Bagrecha Arpan A Dhoka Source Type: research

Response to bronchoalveolar lavage and high-resolution computed tomography in interstitial lung disease
Ammaiyappan Chockalingam, Ranganathan Duraiswamy, Madhavan JagadeesanLung India 2016 33(5):581-582 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ammaiyappan Chockalingam Ranganathan Duraiswamy Madhavan Jagadeesan Source Type: research

High resolution computed tomography in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients: Do not forget radiation hazard
Swetabh Purohit, Naveen Dutt, Lokesh Saini, Ravi Panwar, Sunil KumarLung India 2016 33(5):582-583 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Swetabh Purohit Naveen Dutt Lokesh Saini Ravi Panwar Sunil Kumar Source Type: research

Cardiac troponin trends and severity in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease exacerbation: Are limits properly associated for Intensive Care Unit outcome ?
Fatma Yildirim, Antonio M EsquinasLung India 2016 33(5):583-584 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Fatma Yildirim Antonio M Esquinas Source Type: research

Congenital lobar emphysema: Pitfalls in diagnosis
Mohammad Ashkan MoslehiLung India 2016 33(5):585-585 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Mohammad Ashkan Moslehi Source Type: research

Postpericardiotomy syndrome: What a pulmonologist must know
Ankit Kumar Sinha, Amit Jose, Arjun Khanna, Deepak TalwarLung India 2016 33(5):586-587 (Source: Lung India)
Source: Lung India - August 24, 2016 Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Ankit Kumar Sinha Amit Jose Arjun Khanna Deepak Talwar Source Type: research

Pneumococcal lipoproteins involved in bacterial fitness, virulence, and immune evasion
Streptococcus pneumoniae (pneumococcus) has evolved sophisticated strategies to survive in several niches within the human body either as a harmless commensal or as a serious pathogen causing a variety of diseases. The dynamic interaction between pneumococci and resident host cells during colonization of the upper respiratory tract and at the site of infection is critical for bacterial survival and the development of disease. Pneumococcal lipoproteins are peripherally anchored membrane proteins and have pivotal roles in bacterial fitness including envelope stability, cell division, nutrient acquisition, signal transduction...
Source: FEBS Letters - August 24, 2016 Category: Biochemistry Authors: Sylvia Kohler, Franziska Vo ß, Alejandro Gómez Mejia, Jeremy S. Brown, Sven Hammerschmidt Tags: Review Article Source Type: research