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This page shows you the latest items in this publication. This is page number 6.

Effectiveness of Different Disinfection Protocols on the Reduction of Bacteria in Biofilm in Teeth with Large Root Canals
This study compared the effectiveness of different disinfection protocols in reducing bacteria in an Enterococcus faecalis biofilm in teeth with large root canals. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 29, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Patinee Pladisai, Ruchanee Salingcarnboriboon Ampornaramveth, Pavena Chivatxaranukul Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Does Para-chloroaniline Really Form after Mixing Sodium Hypochlorite and Chlorhexidine?
Mixing sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) with chlorhexidine (CHX) forms a brown-colored precipitate. Previous studies are not in agreement whether this precipitate contains para-chloroaniline (PCA). Tests used for analysis may demonstrate different outcomes. Purpose of this study was to determine whether PCA is formed through the reaction of mixing NaOCl and CHX by using high performance liquid chromatography, proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, gas chromatography, thin layer chromatography, infrared spectroscopy, and gas chromatography/mass spectrometry. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 29, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ekim Onur Orhan, Özgür Irmak, Deniz Hür, Batu Can Yaman, Bekir Karabucak Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Complex Apical Intraradicular Infection and Extraradicular Mineralized Biofilms as the Cause of Wet Canals and Treatment Failure: Report of 2 Cases
This article describes 2 cases that showed persistent intracanal exudation (wet canal) even after several visits of antimicrobial endodontic treatment. Histologic and histobacteriologic investigation was conducted for determination of the cause. The 2 cases involved teeth with apical periodontitis lesions, which presented persistent exudation refractory to treatment after several visits. In case 1, it was not possible to achieve a dry canal, and surgery had to be performed. In case 2, attempts to dry the canal succeeded and the canal was filled, but follow-up examination showed an enlarged apical periodontitis lesion and e...
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 28, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Domenico Ricucci, George T.M. Candeiro, Calogero Bugea, José F. Siqueira Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

Evaluation of Time to Fracture and Vertical Forces Applied by a Novel Gentlefile System for Root Canal Preparation in Simulated Root Canals
A great number of studies performed in the last 3 decades have shown the superior mechanical features of nickel-titanium files as compared with stainless steel files. A novel file system recently developed, Gentlefile, defies these findings and claims to have superior qualities despite the fact it is made from stainless steel. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 28, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Daniel Moreinos, Aharon Dakar, Nachum Joseph Stone, Joshua Moshonov Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Anesthetic Success of an Inferior Alveolar Nerve Block and Supplemental Articaine Buccal Infiltration for Molars and Premolars in Patients with Symptomatic Irreversible Pulpitis
The purpose of this retrospective study was to determine the anesthetic success of the inferior alveolar nerve (IAN) block, and supplemental articaine buccal infiltration after a failed IAN block, in first and second molars and premolars in patients presenting with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 28, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sara Fowler, Melissa Drum, Al Reader, Mike Beck Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Uncontrolled Removal of Dentin during Ultrasonic Irrigant Activation
The aim of this study was to evaluate uncontrolled removal of dentin during in vitro ultrasonic irrigant activation in prepared root canals using 2 different files. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 25, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Christos Boutsioukis, Nestor Tzimpoulas Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Survival of Root-filled Teeth in the Swedish Adult Population
The aim was to assess survival in the Swedish population of teeth treated by nonsurgical root canal treatment during 2009. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 25, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Helena Fransson, Victoria S. Dawson, Fredrik Frisk, Lars Bjørndal, EndoReCo, Thomas Kvist Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 25, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 25, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Associate Registry
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 25, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Donor Honor Roll
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 25, 2016 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Immune-Inflammatory Cell Profile and Receptor Activator of Nuclear Factor Kappa B Ligand/Osteoprotegerin Expression in Persistent Apical Periodontitis after Root Canal Retreatment Failure
This study assessed the immune-inflammatory profile and the expression of bone resorption activators receptor activator of nuclear factor kappa B ligand (RANKL) and inhibitor osteoprotegerin (OPG) in apical periodontitis (n = 20) that persisted after root canal retreatment. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 21, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Carlos Estrela, Daniel de Almeida Decurcio, Júlio Almeida Silva, Aline Carvalho Batista, Nathália Caroline de Souza Lima, Brunno Santos de Freitas Silva, João Antonio Chaves de Souza, Carlos Alberto Souza Costa Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

What Is the Effect of No Endodontic Debridement on Postoperative Pain for Symptomatic Teeth with Pulpal Necrosis?
Patients without a dentist or access to care may present to emergency rooms with pain. They are often prescribed medications until they can be treated. There are no studies to show if emergency endodontic debridement is better than giving medications during this symptomatic period. The purpose of this prospective, randomized study was to compare debridement versus no debridement on postoperative pain in emergency patients with symptomatic teeth, a pulpal diagnosis of necrosis, and a periapical radiolucency. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 19, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Raquel Sebastian, Melissa Drum, Al Reader, John Nusstein, Sara Fowler, Mike Beck Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Prevalence and Characteristics of the Maxillary C-shaped Molar
The anatomy of the maxillary C-shaped molar has been the subject of several case reports although no true prevalence research has ever been conducted. The aim of this observational study was to evaluate and characterize the incidence of these morphologies using cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) technology. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 19, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jorge N.R. Martins, António Mata, Duarte Marques, Craig Anderson, João Caramês Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Bioactivity Potential of EndoSequence BC RRM Putty
The aim of this study was to characterize and assess the interaction of EndoSequence BC RRM putty (Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA) in contact with blood and simulated body fluid. Tricalcium silicate–based materials are in contact with blood and tissue fluids during and after their setting. These materials are hydraulic; thus, their properties improve in moist conditions. However, specific environmental conditions may modify the material setting. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 16, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Amir T. Moinzadeh, Carlos Aznar Portoles, Pierre Schembri Wismayer, Josette Camilleri Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Variation in Location of the Mandibular Foramen/Inferior Alveolar Nerve Complex Given Anatomic Landmarks Using Cone-beam Computed Tomographic Scans
The objective of this study was to assist practitioners by identifying a range of normal variability within certain landmarks used in delivering IAN anesthesia. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 16, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Jonathan Blacher, Scott Van DaHuvel, Vijay Parashar, John C. Mitchell Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Comparative Physicochemical Analysis of Pulp Stone and Dentin
Odontoblasts are responsible for the synthesis of dentin throughout the life of the tooth. Tooth pulp tissue may undergo a pathologic process of mineralization, resulting in formation of pulp stones. Although the prevalence of pulp stones in dental caries is significant, their development and histopathology are poorly understood, and their precise composition has never been established. The aim of the present study was to investigate the physicochemical properties of the mineralized tissues of teeth to elucidate the pathologic origin of pulp stones. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 12, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fleur Berès, Juliane Isaac, Ludovic Mouton, Stephan Rouzière, Ariane Berdal, Stephane Simon, Arnaud Dessombz Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Isolation, Characterization, and Differentiation of Dental Pulp Stem Cells in Ferrets
The ferret canine tooth has been introduced as a suitable model for studying dental pulp regeneration. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize ferret dental pulp stem cells (fDPSCs) and their differentiation potential. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 12, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Negar Homayounfar, Prashant Verma, Ali Nosrat, Ikbale El Ayachi, Zongdong Yu, Elaine Romberg, George T.-J. Huang, Ashraf F. Fouad Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Influence of Cervical and Apical Enlargement Associated with the WaveOne System on the Transportation and Centralization of Endodontic Preparations
The aim of this study was to evaluate through computed microtomography the transportation and centralization of root canals instrumented using the WaveOne system (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) associated or unassociated with previous apical and cervical enlargements. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 12, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Rodrigo Otavio Jatahy Ferreira do Amaral, Denise Piotto Leonardi, Marilisa Carneiro Leão Gabardo, Beatriz Serrato Coelho, Kauhanna Vianna de Oliveira, Flares Baratto Filho Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Detection and Analysis of Enamel Cracks by Quantitative Light-induced Fluorescence Technology
The ability to accurately detect tooth cracks and quantify their depth would allow the prediction of crack progression and treatment success. The aim of this in vitro study was to determine the capabilities of quantitative light-induced fluorescence (QLF) technology in the detection of enamel cracks. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 12, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Mi-Kyoung Jun, Hye-Min Ku, Euiseong Kim, Hee-Eun Kim, Ho-Keun Kwon, Baek-Il Kim Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Micro-computed Tomographic Evaluation of 2 Nickel-Titanium Instrument Systems in Shaping Root Canals
Cleaning and shaping without making procedural errors have always been a challenge in endodontics, particularly when the root canals are curved. Several rotary instruments have been developed to minimize such errors. The purpose of this study was to compare the shaping ability of 2 rotary file systems, BioRace (BR; FKG, La Chaux-de-Fonds, Switzerland) and ProTaper Next (PTN; Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland), during the preparation of curved root canals in extracted teeth using micro–computed tomographic imaging. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 8, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ana Grasiela da Silva Limoeiro, Antônio Henrique Braitt dos Santos, Alexandre Sigrist De Martin, Augusto Shoji Kato, Carlos Eduardo Fontana, Giulio Gavini, Laila Gonzales Freire, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Bueno Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Assessment of Pulp Regeneration Induced by Stem Cell Therapy by Magnetic Resonance Imaging
This study was designed to evaluate the usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to assess the regeneration of pulp tissue. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 7, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Koichiro Iohara, Masanori Fujita, Yoshiko Ariji, Misato Yoshikawa, Hideto Watanabe, Akihiko Takashima, Misako Nakashima Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Dual Role of 5-Lipoxygenase in Osteoclastogenesis in Bacterial-induced Apical Periodontitis
The aim of this study was to evaluate the role of 5-lipoxigenase (5-LO) in the signaling for osteoclast formation and bone resorption in apical periodontitis (AP) after root canal contamination with oral bacteria. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 7, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Francisco Wanderley Garcia Paula-Silva, Igor Bassi Ferreira Petean, Léa Assed Bezerra da Silva, Lúcia Helena Faccioli Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Patients' Values Related to Treatment Options for Teeth with Apical Periodontitis
This study aimed to explore patients' values when selecting treatment for a tooth with apical periodontitis (AP), namely retention via root canal treatment (RCT) and extraction without replacement or replacement with implant-supported crowns or fixed or removable partial prostheses. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 6, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Amir Azarpazhooh, Thuan Dao, Wendy J. Ungar, Jose Da Costa, Rafael Figueiredo, Murray Krahn, Shimon Friedman Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

A New Calcium Silicate–based Bioceramic Material Promotes Human Osteo- and Odontogenic Stem Cell Proliferation and Survival via the Extracellular Signal-regulated Kinase Signaling Pathway
The purpose of this study was to investigate odontogenic and osteogenic cell adhesion, proliferation, and survival on the surface of a newly developed bioceramic material (EndoSequence Root Repair Material [RRM]; Brasseler USA, Savannah, GA) and compare it with mineral trioxide aggregate (gray MTA) (ProRoot MTA; Dentsply Tulsa Dental, Tulsa, OK). A potential role of extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) signaling in the RRM/MTA-induced cellular activities was also investigated. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 6, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ian Chen, Imad Salhab, Frank C. Setzer, Syngcuk Kim, Hyun-Duck Nah Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Efficacy of Combined Use of Different Nickel-Titanium Files on Removing Root Canal Filling Materials
The aim of this study was to estimate the remaining amount of residual filling materials in root canals after retreatment using ProTaper Universal Retreatment (PTUR) files (Dentsply Maillefer, Ballaigues, Switzerland) alone or with the additional use of the Self-Adjusting File (SAF; ReDent-Nova, Ra'anana, Israel), Reciproc (VDW, Munich, Germany), or Hedström-files (H-file; VDW, Antaeos, Munich, Germany) with volumetric estimation using the stereologic method via cone-beam computed tomographic images. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 6, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sinan Yürüker, Melahat Görduysus, Selen Küçükkaya, Emel Uzunoğlu, Can Ilgın, Orhan Gülen, Behram Tuncel, Mehmet Ömer Görduysus Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Patients' Values Related to Treatment Options for Teeth with Apical Periodontitis
This study aimed to explore patients' values when selecting treatment for a tooth with apical periodontitis (AP), namely retention via root canal treatment (RCT) and extraction without replacement or replacement with implant-supported crowns or fixed or removable partial prostheses. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 6, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Amir Azarpazhooh, Thuan Dao, Wendy J. Ungar, Jose Da Costa, Rafael Figueiredo, Murray Krahn, Shimon Friedman Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Toll-like Receptor Expression Profile of Human Dental Pulp Stem/Progenitor Cells
Human dental pulp stem/progenitor cells (DPSCs) show remarkable regenerative potential in vivo. During regeneration, DPSCs may interact with their inflammatory environment via toll-like receptors (TLRs). The present study aimed to depict for the first time the TLR expression profile of DPSCs. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 5, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Karim M. Fawzy El-Sayed, Pauline Klingebiel, Christof E. Dörfer Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Final Irrigation Regimens Affect Fracture Resistance Values of Root-filled Teeth
The purpose of this study was to compare the effect of different final irrigation solutions on fracture resistance values (FRVs) of endodontically treated teeth. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - January 5, 2016 Category: Dentistry Authors: Emel Uzunoglu, Zeliha Yilmaz, Ozge Erdogan, Melahat Görduysus Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Patient and Clinical Characteristics Associated with Primary Healing of Iatrogenic Perforations after Root Canal Treatment: Results of a Long-term Italian Study
There are few data on the long-term efficacy of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) in treating root canal perforations. We investigated the extent of primary healing after perforation repair with MTA and non-healing as a result of repair. We also investigated patient/clinical characteristics affecting treatment outcomes and long-term prognosis. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 30, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Fabio G. Gorni, Anita Andreano, Federico Ambrogi, Eugenio Brambilla, Massimo Gagliani Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

A Prospective Clinical Pilot Study on the Level of Matrix Metalloproteinase-9 in Dental Pulpal Blood as a Marker for the State of Inflammation in the Pulp Tissue
Differentiation between reversible pulpitis (savable pulp) and irreversible inflammation of the pulp tissue (nonsavable pulp) based only on clinical and radiographic diagnoses has proven to be difficult. Pulp exposure allows for the collection of pulpal blood to quantitatively determine the level of inflammation markers or proteolytic enzymes, even with small samples. Pulpitis is associated with the invasion of neutrophil granulocytes and their release of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9). (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 24, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Johannes Mente, Jelena Petrovic, Holger Gehrig, Sarah Rampf, Annemarie Michel, Alexander Schürz, Thorsten Pfefferle, Daniel Saure, Ralf Erber Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Proximity of the Mandibular Canal to Teeth and Cortical Bone
The proximity of the inferior alveolar canal to the mandibular molar roots may pose a risk of injury during various dental surgeries. The purpose of this study was to evaluate age-related and gender-related changes by using cone-beam computed tomography images between the roots of the second molars, mandibular cortex, and the inferior alveolar canal. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 24, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Yusuke Kawashima, Osamu Sakai, Dhurata Shosho, Takashi Kaneda, Anita Gohel Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Healing of Horizontal Intra-alveolar Root Fractures after Endodontic Treatment with Mineral Trioxide Aggregate
The purpose of this retrospective study was to evaluate the healing type and assess the outcome of horizontal intra-alveolar root fractures after endodontic treatment with mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) as filling material. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 24, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Dohyun Kim, Wonyoung Yue, Tai-Cheol Yoon, Sung-Ho Park, Euiseong Kim Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Apically Extruded Sealers: Fate and Influence on Treatment Outcome
This retrospective study evaluated cases of unintentional overfillings for the fate of the extruded sealers and their influence on treatment outcome. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 24, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Domenico Ricucci, Isabela N. Rôças, Flávio R.F. Alves, Simona Loghin, José F. Siqueira Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Sodium Thiosulfate for Recovery of Bond Strength to Dentin Treated with Sodium Hypochlorite
The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of sodium thiosulfate (Na2S2O3) for restoring adhesion to pulp chamber dentin treated with sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) and EDTA. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ana Carolina Pimentel Corrêa, Doglas Cecchin, José Flávio Affonso de Almeida, Brenda Paula Figueiredo de Almeida Gomes, Alexandre Augusto Zaia, Caio Cezar Randi Ferraz Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Decision Making for Retention of Endodontically Treated Posterior Cracked Teeth: A 5-year Follow-up Study
The study aimed to investigate the 5-year survival of root-filled posterior cracked teeth and its related factors. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Irene G.B. Sim, Toh-Seong Lim, Gita Krishnaswamy, Nah-Nah Chen Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Efficacy of Erbium, Chromium-doped:Yttrium, Scandium, Gallium, and Garnet Laser Irradiation Combined with Resin-based Tricalcium Silicate and Calcium Hydroxide on Direct Pulp Capping: A Randomized Clinical Trial
The purpose of this randomized clinical study was to evaluate the efficiency of erbium, chromium-doped:yttrium, scandium, gallium, and garnet (Er,Cr:YSGG) laser irradiation combined with a resin-based tricalcium silicate material and calcium hydroxide in direct pulp capping for a 6-month follow-up period. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Esra Cengiz, Hasan Guney Yilmaz Tags: Consort Randomized Clinical Trial Source Type: research

Effectiveness of EDTA and Modified Salt Solution to Detach and Kill Cells from Biofilm
Disruption of the matrix of endodontic biofilms will aid in their removal from a root canal. Therefore, the aim of this study was to investigate the efficacy of EDTA and a modified salt solution (MSS) to detach bacteria from biofilms. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Josiane de Almeida, Michel Hoogenkamp, Wilson T. Felippe, Wim Crielaard, Suzette V. van der Waal Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Evaluation of New Cone-beam Computed Tomographic Criteria for Radiographic Healing Evaluation after Apical Surgery: Assessment of Repeatability and Reproducibility
Conventional 2-dimensional radiography uses defined criteria for outcome assessment of apical surgery. However, these radiographic healing criteria are not applicable for 3-dimensional radiography. The present study evaluated the repeatability and reproducibility of new cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT)-based healing criteria for the judgment of periapical healing 1 year after apical surgery. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 23, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Thomas von Arx, Simone F.M. Janner, Stefan Hänni, Michael M. Bornstein Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

An Analysis of the Proximity of Maxillary Posterior Teeth to the Maxillary Sinus Using Cone-beam Computed Tomography
It is known that the level of the maxillary sinus floor varies with age. Because few studies have investigated whether the position of the posterior roots relative to the maxillary sinus varied with the variation of the sinus floor or not, the present study assessed the position according to age. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Xiao-mei Tian, Liang Qian, Xian-zhen Xin, Bin Wei, Yao Gong Tags: Clinical Research Source Type: research

Evaluation and Reduction of Artifacts Generated by 4 Different Root-end Filling Materials by Using Multiple Cone-beam Computed Tomography Imaging Settings
The objective of the study was to compare the amount of artifacts generated by 4 root-end filling materials and to test multiple exposure settings used with these materials, when the effective dose generated by each protocol was taken into consideration. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 19, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Dilek Helvacioglu-Yigit, Husniye Demirturk Kocasarac, Boulos Bechara, Marcel Noujeim Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Recombinant Amelogenin Protein Induces Apical Closure and Pulp Regeneration in Open-apex, Nonvital Permanent Canine Teeth
Recombinant DNA–produced amelogenin protein was compared with calcium hydroxide in a study of immature apex closure conducted in 24 young mongrel dogs. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 17, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Maha M.F. Mounir, Moustafa A. Matar, Yaping Lei, Malcolm L. Snead Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Nonsurgical Endodontic Management of a Molar-Incisor Malformation-affected Mandibular First Molar: A Case Report
A molar-incisor malformation (MIM) is a newly reported type of dental anomaly that involves a characteristic root malformation in permanent first molars and deciduous second molars and a crown defect in permanent central incisors. This case report describes a nonsurgical root canal treatment of a MIM-affected molar by aid of a reformatted axial view of the tooth cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). A MIM-affected molar has calcified canal orifices and a few immature accessory furcal canals. Conventional root canal treatment with the aid of CBCT followed by resin restoration was performed on the tooth. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 17, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Wonyoung Yue, Euiseong Kim Tags: Case Report/Clinical Techniques Source Type: research

Evaluation of the Efficacy of TRUShape and RECIPROC File Systems in the Removal of Root Filling Material: An  Micro–computed Tomographic Study
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of TRUShape (Dentsply Tulsa Dental Specialties, Tulsa, OK) compared with the Reciproc file (VDW, Munich, Germany) in the removal of filling material from oval canals filled with 2 different sealers and differences in the working time. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 17, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Arthur de Siqueira Zuolo, Mario Luis Zuolo, Carlos Eduardo da Silveira Bueno, Rene Chu, Rodrigo Sanches Cunha Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Physical and Chemical Properties and Subcutaneous Implantation of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate Mixed with Propylene Glycol
The aim of this study was to evaluate the physical, chemical, and biological properties of mineral trioxide aggregate (MTA) mixed with 80% distilled water and 20% propylene glycol (PG) compared with MTA mixed with distilled water only. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 16, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Marina Angélica Marciano, Bruno Martini Guimarães, Pablo Amoroso-Silva, Josette Camilleri, Marco Antonio Hungaro Duarte Tags: Basic Research Source Type: research

Role of Cone-beam Computed Tomography in Diagnosis of Vertical Root Fractures: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis
The detection of vertical root fractures (VRFs) is a significant challenge for clinicians. Cone-beam computed tomographic (CBCT) imaging has been used recently in this field with high accuracy and sensitivity. Research results about its superiority over periapical radiographs (PRs) are mixed and inconclusive. The aim of this review and meta-analysis was to provide evidence about the accuracy of CBCT imaging in diagnosing VRFs in human teeth with and without endodontic treatment compared with conventional/digital radiography and to establish optimal imaging parameters for accurate VRF detection using CBCT imaging through a ...
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 15, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Sangeeta Talwar, Shivani Utneja, Ruchika Roongta Nawal, Aishwarya Kaushik, Dhirendra Srivastava, Sukhvinder Singh Oberoy Tags: Review Article Source Type: research

Exploiting the Bioactive Properties of the Dentin-Pulp Complex in Regenerative Endodontics
The development of regenerative endodontic therapies offers exciting opportunities for future improvements in treatment outcomes. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 15, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Anthony J. Smith, Henry F. Duncan, Anibal Diogenes, Stephane Simon, Paul R. Cooper Tags: Regenerative Endodontics Source Type: research

Adding to the Table of Contents
With this issue of JOE, we have revised the Table of Contents to include a separate section on Regenerative Endodontics. This section will include review articles, clinical studies, and basic research studies, as well as case reports/case series in this topic area. Placing all of these articles in one section enhances the ability of our readers to stay current in this exciting new area of endodontics. Both clinical and preclinical research on regenerative endodontics has clearly emerged as a strong theme in our field. (Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 15, 2015 Category: Dentistry Authors: Ken M. Hargreaves Tags: Editorial Source Type: research

Editorial Board
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 15, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research

Table of Contents
(Source: Journal of Endodontics)
Source: Journal of Endodontics - December 15, 2015 Category: Dentistry Source Type: research